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11 Cards in this Set

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Describe Tempranillo
Means temprano (early), is country's premier black grape, appears troughout northern Spain. Likes chalky soils, grows well in cool climate. Strawberry-scented, low in acidity, shows it best when blended. Ages well.
Describe Garnacha
= Grenache. Most widely planted black grape in Spain. big yield, high in alcohol, matures early. Widely used for rosados.
Describe Graciano
black grape, plantings now very limited because of low yields. Grown mainly in Rioja, used for finest wines; Small quantities used for powerfull aromas, body and tannins help wines age.
Describe Cariñena
= carignan, black, named in Spain exept Rioja (Mazuelo), wines high in acidity, tannin and colour. Small proportion makes ideal blend with Tempranillo. Should not be confused with Cariñena DO
Describe Mazuelo
= carignan, black grape, named in Rioja, wines high in acidity, tannin and colour. Small proportion makes ideal blend with Tempranillo
Describe Monastrel
= Mourvèdre, black grape, grown in south-eastern DOs f.e. Yecla and Jumilla, gives very dark, powerful spicy wines
Describe Viura
= Macabeo, white grape, Rioja, Gives whites with good fruit and acidity but yields must be restricted
Describe Macabéo
= Macabeo, white grape, Catalunya, Gives whites with good fruit and acidity but yields must be restricted. In Catalunya blended with Parellada and Xarel-lo.
Describe Malvasia
white grape, makes full-bodied heavy whites, usually main component of very best, traditional style Riojas, its richness can balance lightness of Viura
Descrube Albariño
White grape, Basque and Galician parts of Atlantic. Light, crisp, aromatic variety.
Explain role of international varieties
Better wines can be made more easily with varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay. They are now established and widespread, especially in the north-east. The give consumer a recognisabel word on the label, add character to a blend while local variety provides volume and gives local producers a commercial outlet for grapes that would otherwis find no market