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45 Cards in this Set

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What is the climate of Germany?
Gulf Stream warms region. Low average temperatures. Rain mostly occurs in the summer and declines during final stage of ripening. Long dry autumns facilitate production of late-harvest wines.
What are the categories of German wine?
Table Wine (Deutscher Tafelwein & Landwein) and Quality Wine (QbA and Pradikatswein)
What is Deutscher Tafelwein?
Lowest classification. Region may be shown but must be from one of five designated regions. Chaptalization or must concentration permitted.
What is Landwein?
Equivalent of Vin de Pays. Must be trocken or halbtrocken.
What is QbA?
Quality wine produced in one of 13 anbaugebiete. Blending from other regions forbidden. Label must show region and give indication of style. May be chaptalized.
What is Pradikatswein?
Grapes must come from a single Bereich. Must not be enriched but can be sweetened with Sussreserve.
What do the styles of Pradikatswein correspond to?
Must weight at harvest time.
What are the Pradikat levels in Germany?
Kabinett. Spatlese. Auslese. BA. Eiswein. TBA.
What is Kabinett?
Most delicate. Can be apertifs. Very crisp acidity with flavors of green apple or citrus.
What is Spatlese?
More concentrated. Riper fruit flavors. Citrus with some exotic fruit. Means late-harvest.
What is Auslese?
Made from individually selected extra-ripe bunches of grapes. Highest category to appear commonly as a dry wine.
What is Beerenauslese?
Rare, expensive wine made from individually selected grapes. Refreshing acidity.
What is Eiswein?
Made from grapes that have been left on vine until weather is cold enough to freeze their water. Unaffected by noble rot. Pure fruit flavors with very high acidity.
What is Trockenbeerenauslese?
Produced only in finest vintages. Individual grapes that have undergone noble rot and have shriveled to tiny raisins.
What is an Einzellage?
Individual vineyard. Equivalent of Premier Cru or Grand Cru.
What is a Grosslage?
Group of adjoining vineyards.
What is a Gemeinde?
A commune. Does not have legal status in German wine law. Names almost always appear in from of a Grosslage or Einzellage with "er" added.
What is Bereich?
A district within a quality region.
What is an Anbaugebiet?
A designated quality region. Vineyards of Germany are divided into 13 of them.
What is the labeling requirement if region is stated in Germany?
If Beriech, Grosslage, or Einzellage mentioned, a minimum of 85% of the wine must come from the source.
What does "Classic" mean if on German wine?
"Harmoniously dry". Made from single grape variety from a single vintage, in a single region (all stated on label).
What does "Selection" mean if on German wine label?
At least Auslese ripeness. Must come from Einzellage that will be named on the label.
What is Erstes Gewachs?
Top level VDP wines in the Rheingau.
What is Erste Lage?
Top level VDP wines in the Mosel.
What is Grosses Gewachs?
Top level VDP wine in anbaugebiet other than Rheingau and Mosel. Must be dry.
What is Liebfraumilch?
Medium-sweet wine that must be produced exclusively in one of the four regions of Rheinhessen, Pflaz, Rheingau, or Nahe. Region will be on label. Grape varieties not be named and wine will be of QbA standard.
What are the white grapes of Germany?
Riesling, Muller-Thurgau (Rivaner), Silvaner, Scheurebe (Silvaner X Riesling), Weissburgunder, Grauburgunder
What are the red grapes of Germany?
Spatburgunder, Dornfelder
What is Sussreserve?
Unfermented grape juice added to a fermented wine to sweeten it.
Describe the difference between Chaptalization and Sussreserve?
Chaptalization is used to raise the potential alcohol of a wine before fermentation, while Sussreserve is added after fermentation.
What does Erzeugerbfullung mean?
Producer bottled
What does Gutsabfullung mean?
Estate bottled
Describe wines from Mosel.
Best wines from steep, slatey, mineral-rich slopes, made from Riesling. In Saar-Ruwer: has delicate, fragrant fruit characters, rich acidity, and mineral undertones. Mosel Valley: tend to be softer and fuller.
Describe wines from Nahe.
In North, sandy loam for Muller-Thurgau and Silvaner. Slopes with quartz, sandstone gives Riesling that have delicate aromas of pineapple.
Describe wines from Rheingau.
Vineyards face south and are protected by mountains (optimal ripening). Slate, loess, loam on slopes and sandy loam in valley. Riesling grows in slate soils (dark soil that absorbs heat). Hillside vineyards give spicy wines with elegant, balanced, fruity acidity. Vineyards in valley have more body, richness, and concentration.
What is Assmannshausen?
Region in Rheingau famous for red wines.
Describe wines form Rheinhessen.
Cheap wines, mostly from Muller-Thurgau grown in sandy soils. Some slopes of red sandy soil facing river produce Riesling with complex, exotic fruit aromas.
What is Rheinterrasse?
Sites for best wines of the Rheinhessen.
Describe wines in Pfalz.
Protected by mountains. Mild winters and warm summers. Produce high-quality Pinot Noir and Riesling.
Describe wines in Baden.
Warmest and most southerly region in Germany. Full bodied and ripe. Main varieties are Spatburgunder, Muller-Thurgau, Grauburgunder.
What is Kaiserstuhl?
Region in Baden with mineral-rich soil that produces full bodied and fruity wines.
Describe winemaking in England and Wales.
Maritime climate tempered by Gulf Stream. Long growing season and mild autumns. Best sites on south or south-east facing hills. Subsoil is chalk or limestone. Trained in either traditional Double Guyot systems or more modern systems. Allow for leaf canopy to make as much sugar as possible with the limited sunlight.
What are the white grapes of England and Wales?
Muller-Thurgau, Schonberger, Bacchus, Huxelrebe, Phoenix, Reichensteiner, Seyval Blanc
What are the red grapes of England and Wales?
Dornfelder, Rondo, Pinot Noir
Describe the wine laws in England and Wales.
Three categories of wine. Quality Wine: similar to AOC; hybrid varieties not permitted. Regional Wine: similar to Vin de Pays (both these categories subject to lab analysis and approval by a tasting panel). UK Table Wine: can be made anywhere in UK; not tested; cannot state vintage, variety, or vineyard name on label