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12 Cards in this Set

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How did Greece benefit from entry in the EU?
enabled it to modernise is wine industry, while looking to both the past and the future. historical and international varieties been extended. Small number of large merchants dominate industry,ever-increasing number of boutique wineries produce exellent wines.
What is thé traditional style wine? Designation?
Retsina : white wine flavoured with pine resin (since 3th cent. BC)made from Savatiano and Rhoditis grapes (also little rosé). Pine resin is added when it is young and removed at first racking. TA (Traditional Appelation) though it is method of production rather than geographical description
Wine classifications of Greece?
harmonised with EU regime, French chosen as international language.
AOQS (Appellation d'Origine de Qualité Supérieure) (20)
AOC (Appelation d'Origine Contrôlée : liqueur wines (8) and mainly from dried Muscat grapes or red Mavrodaphne
Vin de Pays important for international varieties and non-traditional style wines
Table wine is the overwhelming majority
Northern Greece : climate, location vineyards, major app., style?
in Macedonian regions, distinctly cool climate, vineyards planted at altitude. red wines, major app. Naoussa from Xinomavro (powerfull tann., high ac., complex aromas, flavours reminiscent of Barolo.
Greece, key AOQS
Naoussa (Macedonia : Ximomavro)
Nemea (Peloponnese) : Agiorgitiko
Santorini : Assyrtiko
Northern Greece Vin de Pays?
Xinomavro blended with int. var. for local VdP.
Many VdP made in Côtes de Meliton western flank of next peninsula to Mount Athos. Red, white and rosé from int. and Greek var.
The Peloponnese Peninsular : production, location, climate, key AOQS
1/3 Greek production, free of phyll. Nemea red wine excl. from Agiorgitiko grape, vinyards above 250 m. Med. climate, short mild winters,hot summers. => best vineyards north-facing, at altitude. Rainfall limited autumn and spring, little in winter, dry summers. Wines are soft, plummy, low in acidity, can have very rich, spicy fruit.
The Islands of Greece : what islands, what wines?
best reputation for powerfull dry white Santorini from Assyrtiko grape. Retains its acidity, exquisite Viognier-like perfume, mineral flavours from vulcanic soils. Old vineyards (vines coiled like ropes prot. from wind), low yields, often distructed for holiday complexes.
Crete : most volume, only VdP exported
Cephalonia, int. standing from Robola var., medium body, crisp acidity, citrus fruit
Cyprus : 1 important wine? rest?
Commandaria (name from Knights Templar with their grande commanderie) Once rated as one of the great dessert wines of the world, first Cypriot wine with Quality Wine status in EU, mad from sun-dried bunches of grape, spirit added to mus before fermentation, aged in solera.
Because they are phylloxera-free, fear of exper. with int. var. Plantings dominated by local black Mavro and white Xynisteri (90% acreage and drab wines), much of its production for musts, liqueur wines, brandy or for Eastern Europe. Government became aware of this; now more int. var. (Grenache, Carignan)
Most vineyards bush vines, south. slopes of Troodos Mountains
Lebanon : location vineyards? What grapes and wines?
around Beka'a Valley, alt. of 1000 m.
Var. mainly from South France but also important plantings of CS. Increasing number of producers make high-quality, Bord. inspired red wines., but with extra ripeness and spice, ranging from classical cedary, cassis-flavoured CS to powerful, full-bodied wines with balsamic and leather aromas.
White wines varying from gentle varietal fruit to some deliberately oxidises, golden and richly nutty.
Israel : what wine? Kosher?
hist. starts latter part of 19th cent, Jews returning to country, Baron Rothschild donated vast sum of money for vineyards. 5 defined regions, most imp. for export : Samaria, incl. Mount Carmel.
80 % prod. in hands of 3 wineries, rest more than 90 wineries.
Kosher wines : vine at least four years old, in biblical lands vines must be left fallow every 7 years, no other crops in vineyards, in winery only handled by Sabbath-observing Jews, all equipment must be Kosher
Meshuval is boiled or past. so its not used for non-Jewish religious rites.
North Africa, which countrys? Wines?
old days (French rule) 2/3 of world production, later hibernation.
Morocco brightest future, vineyards altitude over 500 meters, cooled by winds of Atlantic, plantings of old vines, 14 classified regions. Trad. Carignan and Cinsault joined by Bordeaux and Rhone var.
Tunisia : recent investments, coastal vineyards near Tunis, powerfull reds an sweet and dry Muscats
Algeria : once biggest producer, now nearly nothing.