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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Work of art that decorates the space above and behind an altar.
To declare invalid.
This period is defined by emphasizing the dramatic. It is bold and ornate. Popular in Europe between 1600-1750.
Abstaining from sexual intercourse or marriage.
A political ideology in which the state or government owns everything. This ideology frightened Americans because with it came the loss of freedom.
Copernican System
The belief that the sun, not the earth, is at the center of the solar system.
Council of Trent
This series of meetings (lasting for more than 20 years) worked to stop Protestantism from spreading even more. Strengthened Catholic views, but also gave up controversial practices.
A large group of religious congregations united under a common faith and name and organized under a single administrative and legal hierarchy.
Elizabeth I
Beloved English queen who strengthened the British empire, displayed religious tolerance, and refused to marry.
A Christian observance honoring the sacrifice of Jesus. Also called "communion."
Formal exclusion from church membership and participation.
Italian astronomer who expanded on and supported the Copernican System. He was found guilty by the Inquisition and made to recant.
A single force which keeps the planets in their orbits around the sun.
Henry VIII
King of England, who notably married several times, divorcing one wife while creating the protestant Church of England, and executing several others for not giving him a male heir.
An intellectual movement of the Renaissance based on the study of humanities, which emphasized secular disciplines of rhetoric, grammar, history, and poetry.
The study of subjects taught in ancient Greece and Rome such as grammar, rhetoric, poetry, and history.
A possible explanation of data proposed by scientists that is tested to prove true or false.
Permissions granted for committing a sin.
A Church court to try heretics or people going against church practices.
Isaac Newton
British mathematician and physicist who developed the theory of gravity.
Johannes Gutenberg
Invented the printing press which revolutionized the spread of information.
Leonardo da Vinci
Italian Renaissance artist, inventor, and philosopher. Most famous for painting Mona Lisa.
Martin Luther
German monk who was disgusted w/ the corruption in the Catholic Church, esp. w/ the selling of indulgences. Set out to reform w/ his 95 Theses, but ended up creating a new sect called Lutheranism.
metal alloy
A mixture of metals.
Renaissance painter and sculptor. Painted the Sistine Chapel and sculpted David.
Men and women sent on a trip in an attempt to convert others to a specific religion.
A new word, usage, or expression.
Nicholas Copernicus
Polish astronomer who defied the Catholic Church with the findings that the Sun is at the center of the solar system, not the Earth.
Ninety-Five Theses
"List" of 95 problems that Luther found with the Catholic Church and wanted to reform.
A representative body with legislative powers.
A person who provides financial support for the arts or for specific artists.
Peace of Augsburg
This treaty allowed the Princes' of Germany to choose between Lutheranism and Catholicism for their principalities. If effectively divided Germany and Europe.
A penalty paid for a sin.
The artistic technique used to give drawings and paintings a three-dimensional effect.
A religious belief that God knows who will achieve salvation and guides those to their destiny.
A law in which the eldest male child or family member inherits the estate of his father or male relative.
Followers of Christian faiths independent to the Catholic Church.
A movement following the Middle Ages that was based on a revival of interest in classical Greek and Roman culture and scholarship. ("rebirth")
A religious observance or holy tradition.
Deliverance from the power or penalty of sin.
scientific method
A painstaking method used to confirm findings and to prove or disprove a hypothesis.
English playwright and poet whose body of works is considered the greatest in English literature.
A 14-line, fixed verse poem.
A group of apartments or rooms leased by tenants.
Regular contributions of money from church members.