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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Kellog-Briand Pact
-in 1927 Astride Briand wanted the US to join an alliance against Germany (national policy)
-14 nations signed the agreement in Paris in 1928
-48 joined it later
-it contained no instruments of enforcement
Fascism
-ruled in Italy from 1922-43 under Mussolini; Germany in WW I, WW II
-movement that glorifies nation and often race above the individual
-government headed by a dictatorial leader
-a very high degree of nationalism, economic corporatism, a powerful, dictatorial leader who portrays the nation
Nazism
-Nazism is usually classified as a particular version of Fascism
-ethnic and linguistic diversity weaken empires
-belief that great nations grow from military power, which in turn grows "naturally" from "rational, civilized cultures"
-no multiculturalism within a culture
Neutrality Act
-prohibited American citizens from selling arms to war involved people in international war
-resulted from Italy's invasion of Ethiopia
-did not set limits on trading in war materials (such as steel and oil)
-Americans did not want to get involved with the Europeans
"Appeasement"
-after Hitler invated Austri, he demanded Sudetenland, they wanted assistance but th western countries weren't willing to fight
-French and British promised Hitler Czechoslovakia if he would not expand farther
-failed --> in March 1939 Hitler occupied remaining areas
Blitzkrieg
-Germany attacts Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Denmark again, and Paris
-mobile forces attacking with speed and surprise
The Blitz (Battle of Britain)
-Bombing of UK by Nazi Germany in 1940 and 1941
-attack was concentrated on London
-43,000 deaths, destroyed over a million houses
-failed but still an example of strategic bombing
"Cash and Carry"
-law: conflicting nations can only purchase nonmilitary goods from US
-only if they paid cash and ship them themselves
"Lend and Lease"
-Britain was bankrupt and could not meet cash and carry policies
-allowed to sell amd lend or lease arms to any nation if they would return them after war
Atlantic Charter
-Roosevelt and Churchill (Britain and US)wanted to set principles for a better future for the world
-wanted the final destruction of Nazi Germany and a new world order where every nation could controll their own destiny
Winston Churchill
British statesman
Joseph Stalin
-secretary-general of Communist Party of SU
-premier of Soviet State, transformed the Soviet Union into a major world power
-some battles were won by the Soviet Army
Battle of Midway
Pacific Theater
first important victories of the allies in a battle of the coral sea of australia in may 1942
-american forces turned back japanese navy
helped to regain control of the central Pacific
Island Hopping
-important military strategie in the Pacific Theater
-US Military tried to focus on smaller islands that were not well protected to "hop" closer to the Japanese
-hoped to strenghten the the power to then have a controlled attack
Dwight Eisenhower
-little known General, leading strategies for
-North Africa, Italien, D-Day (Invasion of France)