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21 Cards in this Set

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the transference of knowledge outside the brain
symbols
what is the purpose of symbols?
to represent something symbolically, shows an advanced brain beyond Nanderthals and other ancestors
Significant differences in upper paleolithic era
commitment to children/affection for others, start of menstrual cycle for women, deeper emotions, invention of fire
time periods within the upper paleolithic
paleolithic (stone age)-hunter gatherers, Mesolithic (middle stone age)-settled in places, and neolithic (new stone age)-farming
Significant differences in neolithic
rise of settlements, advanced tools, more wealth, specialists, but malnutrition, low life-expectancy, class struggle, epidemics
the act by which the brain incorrectly interprets patterns
pareidolia
interpreting any sound as speech
auditory pareidolia
5 Important Points about Mesopotamia
the region (fertile but brutal, near iraq), the life (large cities run by a lugal and smaller areas run by an ensi), the writing (cunieform), the man (Hammurabi and his legal code), and the religion (many competing gods and goddesses)
What was the Hundred Schools Period?
time of great instability and fighting between areas of China aka the Golden Age of Chinese philosophy
5 Confucianist Relationship roles
ruler/subject=loyalty/benevolence, father/son=filial piety/kindness, older/younger brother=respect/nobility, husband/wife=obedience/benevolence, older/younger friend=deference/humaneness
5 Virtues of Confucianism
1. Ren (humaneness), 2. Yi (responsibility), 3. Li (manners, propriety, ritual), 4. Chih (wisdom), 5. Hsin (loyalty)
We Wei
non-action, going with the flow
Tao
the way
Te
inner power of each thing
Yin-Yang
Light/dark
Qi
energy
Taoism
rejection of society, can never know what the Tao is, keep the innocence of childhood, pacifists
dharma
duties in your particular caste
3 primary deities in Hinduism
Brahma (creator), Vishnu (preserver), and Shiva (destroyer)
What are the 4 Noble Truths?
1. Suffering- birth, death, pain, despair leads to not harming others, 2. Origin of Suffering- craving, desire create suffering in others, 3. Nirvana- meditation, relieving yourself of suffering, 4. Eight Fold Path- control your thoughts, resist evil
What is the Eight Fold Path?
Panna (wisdom)= 1. right understanding (4 noble truths) 2. right thinking (throw away attachment to things) Sila= 3. right speech (don't say hurtful things) 4. right bodily action (not harming others) 5. right livelihood (don't take on roles like military) Samadhi (focus)= 6. right effort (willing to attempt nirvana), 7. right mindfulness (gotten rid of distractions), 8. right connection (directly linked to Buddhist practices)