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45 Cards in this Set

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Joseph Stalin
blamed the Allies for not invading German-occupied Europe later than 1944, met with Roosevelt and Churchill at the Yalta Conference, secured communist governments in Eastern Europe as a buffer zone, would not allow free elections, blockaded east berlin
Harry Truman
Roosevelt's successor, met with stalin and churchill at the Yalta Conference, adopted containment: stopping the expansion of communism, Truman Doctrine: support for countries who rejected communism
Douglas MacArthur
lead the invasion of Korea, launched a surprise attack and caused Koreans to retreat, when his idea of nuclear bombing China he tried to go above Truman's head but was caught and was removed from power
Dwight Eisenhower
became U.S. president is 1953, policy of brinkmanship: willingness to go to the brink or edge of war, came up with the domino theory: if one country falls to communism it neighbors will also
Ho Chi Minh
vietnamese nationalist who turned to the communists for help in order to defeat the French, fled to exile but returned in 1941, founded the Vietminh League, governed north
Ngo Dinh Diem
leader of the anti-communist government set up in South Vietnam by France and US, ruled as a dictator, unpopular, assassinated by a group of South Vietnamese Generals
Richard Nixon
had a plan called vienamization:US troops gradually pull out while South Vienamese increase their combat role, authorized bombing campaign against North Vietnam, believed in dentente:policy of lessening cold war tensions, realpolitik, visited communist china, SALT I Treaty signed
Pol Pot
lead a brutal Communist government in Cambodia set up by the Khmer Rouge, his followers slaughtered 2 million people
Fidel Castro
lawyer, brought social reforms to Cuba, harsh dictator, suspended elections, jailed or executed his opponents, controlled the press, nationalized Cuban economy, easily defeated American forces in Bay of Pigs, supported Communist revolutions in Latin America and Africa
John F. Kennedy
demanded the removal of nuclear missles in cuba, leader during the Cuban Missle Crisis, assassinated in 1963
Jimmy Carter
signed the SALT II Treaty but when the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan it was never ratified, warned the Soviet Union againt any attempt of gaining control of the persian gulf, negotiated the Camp David Accords
Nikita Khruschev
came to power in 1953, denounced Stalin, policy of destalinization:purging the country of Stalin's memory, lost prestige in his country after the cuban missle crisis
Leonid Brezhnev
replaced Khruschev in 1964, adopted repressive domestic policies, limited basic human rights, Brezhnev Doctrine: policy of preventing its satellite countries from rejecting communism, very strict leader
Lyndon Johnson
convinced congress to allow troops into Vietnam, committed to stopping the spread of communism, escalated involvement in vietnam,
Ronald Reagan
fiercely anti-communist president, took office in 1981, moved away from dentente
Imre Nagy
popular liberal Hungarian Communist leader, formed a new government, promised free elections, demanded Soviet troops leave, overwhelmed by Soviet troops, executed
Jiang Jieshi
led nationalist forces in China, led troops into the mountains to protect themselves from Japanese troops, defeated by Mao and his troops, retreated to Taiwan
Mao Zedong
led the communists in China to a victory against nationalists, during his reign troops expanded into Tibet, maded people live on collective farms, started the cultural revolution and red guards
Kim Jong Il
took power in 1994, had serious economic problems, developed nuclear weapons,
Kim Il Sung
after the Korean War he took power, established collective farms, developed heavy industry, built up the military
Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini
leader of religious opposition in Iran, lived in exile, taped messages caused riots and the fleeing of the shah, established an Islamic state
Mohandas Gandhi
launched a nonviolent campaign of noncooperation with the British, fought for Indian independence, disagreed with partition, assassinated by a Hindu extremist
Jawaharlal Nehru
independent India's first prime minister, led India for the first 17 years of its independence, devoted follower of Gandhi, popular, moved India forward, reorganized states by language, industrialization, social reforms, died in 1964
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
leader of the Muslim League, would never accept Indian independence if it meant rule by the Hindu-dominated Congress Party
Indira Gandhi
Nehru's daughter, became prime minister of India in 1966, attacked Sikhs, and was assassinated by her Sikh bodyguards
Ferdinand Marcos
elected president of the philippines in 1965, imposed an authoritarian regime, stole millions of dollars, imposed martial law and served from 1966-1986, wouldn't admit his defeat in the election against Aquino, forcced into exile
Corazon Aquino
challenged Marcos and won, ratified a new constitution, negotiated the end of military base leases
Aung San Suu Kyi
active member of the National League of Democracy, under house arrest, won election but kept on being placed under house arrest
Aung San
a leader of the Burmese nationalists' army
Sukarno
led the effort to establish an independent Indonesia, in 1945 he proclaimed Indonesia's independence and named himself president, unsuccessfully tried to establish democracy, couldn't manage the economy
Suharto
seized power for himself and then began a bloodbath in which 500,000-1 million Indonesians were killed, turned Indonesia into a police state, imposed martial law, violated human rights, little tolerance for religious freedom, caused corruption to become common, stepped down in 1998
Megawati Sukarnoputri
daughter of Sukarno, elected president in 2001, faces huge challenges:fragile economy, ethnic strife, security problems, corruption
Kwame Nkrumah
leader of a nonviolent movement in Ghana, organized strikes and boycotts, often imprisoned by the British, in 1957 he became the first prime minister of Ghana, showed good intentions but spent too much
Jomo Kenyatta
Kenyan nationalist, imprisoned by the British, became president, worked to unite Kenya's ethnic and language groups, died in 1978
Ariel Sharon
Israeli prime minister who wouldn't make agreements with Palestinians until attacks on Jews stopped
Joseph Mobutu
seized power in 1965, ruled for 32 years, renamed the country Zaire, maintained control through a combination of force one-party rule and gifts to supporters, withstood several armed rebellions, overthrown in 1997 by Laurent Kabila
David Ben Gurion
leader of Jews in Palestine, announced the creation of an independent Israel, first prime minister of Israel
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Egyptian president, took over the Suez Canal from Britain, prepared an attack on Israel in 1967
Anwar Sadat
Egyptian president, planned a joint Arab attack on Yom Kippur, extended a hand to Israel in 1977 and asked for peace, involved in the Camp David Accords
Golda Meir
prime minister, strong leader, launched a counterattack against and regained most of the territory lost in the Yom Kippur attacks
Yasir Arafat
chairman of the PLO, signed the Oslo Peace Accords with Rabin
Hosni Mubarak
has continued to work to maintain peace with Israel, successor of Anwar Sadat
Yitzhak Rabin
prime minister who signed the oslo peace accords agreeing to allow Palestinians self-rule in the West Bank or the Gaza Strip
Benjamin Netanyahu
Rabin's successor who opposed the oslo peace accords
Ehud Barak
Israeli prime minister, couldn't come to an agreement with Arafat at Camp David