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48 Cards in this Set

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Why was liberalism/idealism created?
Seen as "the war to end all wars," WWI had a colossal amount of carnage. Some began to believe that cooperation was the only way to avoid these terrible things
What type of government rules Afghanistan?
Warlords
Dominant Realists
EH Carr, Hans Morgenthau, Theocydides, Machiovelli, Hobbes
Define Neo-liberalism
An updated version of liberalism. States are key actors in international relations. Non-state actors are important, but not AS.
Define Neo-realism/Structural Realism
National interests often collide. The archaic system is at fault, according to KENNETH WALTZ.
How must nation-states act in order to survive?
Antagonistically
Name of Marx's "side kick"
Friedrech Engels
What were Marx's feelings on the Industrial Revolution?
He was completely against it. The gap between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat was too great. Capitalism was too profit motivated; the rich drove the poor to numerous travesties
Bourgeoisie
Factory owners; the upper class. Would pay as little as he could to his workers while making the most profit possible.
Proletariat
Factory workers; worked in terrible conditions for very low wages. Prone to alocholism, domestic abuse, poverty, etc.
Marx was by no means a fan of capitalism. What advances in capitalism occured that Marx did not forsee?
Marx did not forsee unions, Child Labor Laws, minimum wage laws, and other gov't interactions.
Labor Theory of Value
the labor required to produce. Marx believed that any profit was a surplus value. Items should be sold for however much it cost to make them and nothing more.
What did Marx believe was motivation to do well?
Being a good citizen to improve yourself and society.
Marx's Theory of History
History is progressive, always moving towards higher levels of civilization.
Staircase of Civilization
slavery  feudalism  capitalism  pure communism
Dialectic Process
Staircase of Civilization; ends in pure communism--a society where everyone is equal. People only work for what they NEED. No profit.
Marx was by no means a fan of capitalism. What advances in capitalism occured that Marx did not forsee?
Marx did not forsee unions, Child Labor Laws, minimum wage laws, and other gov't interactions.
Labor Theory of Value
the labor required to produce. Marx believed that any profit was a surplus value. Items should be sold for however much it cost to make them and nothing more.
What did Marx believe was motivation to do well?
Being a good citizen to improve yourself and society.
Marx's Theory of History
History is progressive, always moving towards higher levels of civilization.
Staircase of Civilization
slavery  feudalism  capitalism  pure communism
Dialectic Process
Staircase of Civilization; ends in pure communism--a society where everyone is equal. People only work for what they NEED. No profit.
What two classes of people breed class hatred?
Exploiters and exploited.
Give an example of how solidarity emerges within the exploiters and exploited?
In Europe, a Brit, Frenchman, and a German member of the proletariat class would relate better to each other than they would to a British, French, or German bourgeois, respectively.
The Proletarian Revolution occured because competition caused...what?
Competition causes the smaller
How does capitalism affect "mom and pop" stores?
As competition grows, smaller businesses become pushed out of the picture and over taken by larger corporations.
What is the Vanguard (of the Proletariat)?
leaders of the Proletariat Revolution (aka Communist party). Main player in the transition from the Proletariat Revolution to Pure Communism.
Has any revolution towards communism successfully made it to "pure communism"?
No, they all get stuck in the "Dictatorship of the Proletariat" period.
Mao Tse Tung
Chinese revolutionary enamored with marxism.
Kumindmg
Chinese Nationalists during Mao's reign. Mao turned to USSR to help them against the fight of the nationalists and capitalism.
Mao's army perfected what type of warfare?
Guerilla
How did Guerilla Warfare work?
1-Army would surround large urban areas, but don't actually go into them.
2-Attacked isolated, smaller forces
3--Give land back to people so they can provide you with food, shelter, recruits, etc.
When Mao overthrew Kumindmg, making China a Communist Nation-State, which power did the West recognize?
The Nationalists, who actually moved to Taiwan.
Describe China's government today.
China is still technically a communist government, but they are actually changing into a capitalist economy. (Political freedoms are pretty non-existent, but economic freedoms are increasing.
What about NKorea's government?
Not really "purely" communist, but they have no political freedoms, economy is less than admirable, brutal dictator, nukes (??).
What is Euro-Communism??
A glorified socialist party who tried to run for office (contradictory???)
They wanted to slowly introduce policy via policy.
How did socialists view government involvement in industries?
GOvernments should own industries in order to better equip themselves to direct the economy of a state and use funds in a more efficient manner.
Totalitarian Government...
...has total control of government of people in the system. Wants to reshape society: how citizens act, dress, etc.
Example: Taliban
Authroitarian Government
The ruler is most concerned about staying in power and maintaining political domiinance. Social and economic factors do not matter.
Example: China
Pluraliot Government
Everyone has a chance has a chance to impact government. Citizens must organize to improve it.
Welfare State
everyone in society should have certain things: healthcare, education, housing, food, pension
The "Red Menace" (communism) was replaced with the "Green Menace" aka...
Islam
Would liberals be in favor or opposed to international organizations?
Definitely in favor because they believe organization help resolve conflicts.
Multinational Corporations (transnational corporations)
Corporations that manage production establishments, such as factories and other places where things are manufactured)
Give examples of early MNC's.
Knights Templar (dabbled in banking.)
British East India Company (dabbled in taking over economies of NUMEROUS countries.)
Inter-Governmental Organizations (IGOs)
Made up of sovereign states or other IGO's.
Example: EU, UN, NATO, OPEC
Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs)
Non profit groups/associations operating outside of institutionalized political structures.
Example: Red Cross, Red Crescent Movement, AARP
How to NGOs get so many members and such big budgets?
Large NGOs have huge budgets thru donations, fundraisers, membership, grants, etc.