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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Ethnomusicolgist
a person who studies music within its contemporary cultural context.
Timbre
the tone quality of "color" of a musical instrument.
Medium
the object that produces a sound
Pitch
a tone determined by its frequency level
Tunning System
the pithces common to a particular music tradition
Scale
the pitches used in a particular performance arranged in order
Interval
the difference between two pitches
Range
all the pitches that a voice or instruments can potentially produce
Melody
an organized succession of pitches forming a musical idea
Melodic Contour
the general direction of a melody
Ornamentation
an embellishment or decoration of the melody
Text Setting
the rhythmic relationship of words to melody
syllabic
one pitch per syllable
Melismatic
several pitches per syllable
Rythm
the relationship of durations
Beat
a regular pulsation
Accent
an emphasized beat
Tempo
the relative rate of speed of the beat
Meter
a system of grouping beats into individual units
Free Rythm
music with no regular pulsation
Rythmic Density
the quanity of notes between periodic accents or over a specific unit of time
Phonic Structure
the organizational relationship between or among musical sounds
Monophony
a single line of music
Polyphony
multiple lines of music
Homophony
multiple lines of music expressing the same musical idea
Independent Polyphony
two or more lines of music expressing independent musical lines
Hetrophony
multiple performers playing simultaneous variations of the same line of music
Dynamics
the volume of a musical sound
Form
the underlying temporal structure of a musical performance
Octave
a note an octave up is vibrating twice as fast as the prior octave
What are the four categories of the Sachs-Hornbostal system to classify musical instruments?
aerophones, chordophones, idiophones, and membranophones
What is a aerophone?
What are examples of an aerophone?
instruments that require air to produce sound. Flutes, reeds and trumpets.
What is a chordophone?
What are examples of chordophones?
instruments that have strings. lutes, zithers, harps, and lyres.
What is a idiophone?
What are examples of idiophones?
instuments that themselves produce sound. Rattles, bells, and other procussion
What is a membranophone?
What are examples of membranophones?
use a vibrating stretched membrane to produce sound. Drums.