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70 Cards in this Set

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Allegory
a story in which people, things, and actions represent an idea or generalization about life; they often havea strong moral or lesson.
In "Birches" by Robert Frost, climbing suggests the value of learning.
Alliteration
the repetition of initial consonant sounds in words.
The Queen Anne "lace" "lying" "like" "lilies".
Allusion
a literary reference to a familiar person, place, thing, or event.
"If patient Penelope had received such letters from her lord Ulysses, she would not have woven endlessly, but rushed to him and vocered him with kesses. Maddened with love as Helen once was maddened.
Analogy
a comparison of two or more similar objects, suggesting that if they are alike in certain respects, they will probably be alike in other ways as well.
"He enters a battle gravely, with sorrow and with great compassion, as if he were attending a funeral."
Anecdote
a short summary of a humorous event used to make a point.
None
Antagonist
the person or thing working against the protagonist, or hero, of the work.
In the novel "To Kill A Mockingbird," Bob Ewell opposes Atticus Finch; therefore he is referred to as the _____.
Antithesis
using opposite ideas in the same thought or sentence to emphasize a point.
"It was the best of times; it was the worst of times"
Assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds without repeatin consonants.
And a hare ran across the road.
Autobiography
and author's account or story of her/his own life.
Ben Franklin listed his virtues in this type of genre _____.
Biography
the story of a person's life writeen by another person.
Wathching A&E videos covering the lives of Nelson Mandela and Julius Caesar is a form of _____ in film.
Blank Verse
an unrhymed for of poetry -- each line normally consists of 10 syllables in which every other syllable is stressed.
Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar" is written in unrhymed iambic pentameter. This is an example of poetry known as _____.
Characterization
the method an author uses to reveal characters and their personalities.
"Everone was fond of him; He was so noble and well behaved That he never wished to do anything wrong."
Climax
usually the most intense point in a story -- a series of struggles or conflicts build a story or play toward this.
In "To Kill a Mockingbird" when Bob Ewell attacks the Finch children, this scene is known as the _____ of the play.
Comedy
literature in which human errors or problems appear funny - these stories end on a happy note.
The play "Cyrano de Bergerac" belongs to the literary genre called _____.
Conflict
the problem or struggle n a story that triggers the action - there are five basic types.
In Ibsen's play, "A Doll House," Nora must choose between her family and her independence. This is a major _____ for her character.
Consonance
the repetition of consonant sounds. Although it's similar to alliteration, consonance is not limited to the first letters of words.
That music hath a far more pleasing sound (William Shakespeare)
Couplet
a pair of lines of verse of the same length that usually rhyme.
If ever wife was happy in a man,
Compare with me, uye women, if you can
Diction
an author's choice of words based on their correctness, clearness, or effectiveness.
"He stood up, adjusted his robes and plunged his hand once more into the bag." The use of the word "plunged" instead of "put" is a writhing choice called _____.
Drama
the form of literature known as play; but drama also refers to the type of serious play that is often concerned with the leading character's relationship to society.
The stories of "Cyrano do Bergerac," "A Doll's House," and "Julius Caesar" belong to the literary genre called _____.
End Rhyme
the rhyming of words that appear at the ends of two or more lines of poetry.
"nature is less than art as well I know,
Whose many a lively statue proves it so."
Epic
a long narrative poem that tells of the deeds and adventureers of a hero.
The story of the Assyrian king Gilgamesh belongs to the literary genre called _____.
Epithet
a word or phrase used in place of a person's name; it's characteristic of that person.
"Alexander the Great"
"Material Girl"
"Ms. Know-It-All"
Exposition
writing that is intended to explain something that might oherwise be difficult to understand; in a play or novel, it would be the portion thaat gives the background or situation surrounding the story.
None
Fable
a short fictionaal narratie that teaches a lesson; it usually includes animals that talk and act like people.
Aesop's story of "The Dog and the World" belongs to the literary genre called _____.
Flashback
returning to an earlier time (in a story) for the purpose of making something in the present clearer.
"Thoughts of Hanoi," Nguyen Thi Vinh thinks back to the way Hanoi was before the war. This is an example of a _____.
Foreshadowing
giving hints or clues of what is to come later in a story.
In Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar," Caesar's sacrifice of a heartless animal is and example of _____.
Free Verse
poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme.
Among the rain
And lights
I saw the figure 5
In gold
On a red
Fire truck

This poem is written in _____.
Haiku
a form of Japanese poetry that has three lines: the first line has five syllables, the second has seven syllables, and the third has five syllables - the subject of the haiku has traditionally been nature.
Melting snow:
And on the village
Fall the children

This type of poem is known as a _____.
Hubris
derived from the Greek word "hybris," means "excessive pride" - in Green tragedy, it's often viewed as the flaw that leads to the downfall of the tragic hero.
In sophocle's play "Oedipus," the main character's tragic flaw is excessive pride or _____.
Hyperbole
an exaggeration or overstatement.
The pagans die by hundreds, by thousands:
Imagery
the use of words to create a certain picture in the readers mind; imagery is usually based on sensory details.
"The sky was dark and gloomy, the air was damp and raw, the steets were wet and sloppy."
Internal Rhyme
rhyme that occurs within a line of verse.
"the grains beyond age, the dark veins of her mother"
Irony: Dramatic
when the audience sees a character's mistakes, but the character doesn't.
In the novel "Beloved," Sethe meets her dead child and thinks she is just a wanderer- the reader recognizes that she is her dead baby.
Irony: Verbal
when the writer says one thing and means another.
"What a nice person you are," Tom told his sister when she slammed the door in his face.
Irony: Situational
when there is a great difference between the purpose of a particluar action and the result.
In "A Mystery of Heroism," the main character risks his life to get water and then he sills it.
Metaphor
a metaphor that is alluded to throughout a literary work.
The nightmare is wrenched from the madman's breast, along with rootless heart.
Mood
the feeling a text arouses in the reader: happiness, peacefulness, sadness, etc.
When Edgar Allan Poe creates a feeling of floom in "The Raven" he is creating the _____.
Moral
particular value or lesson the author is trying to get across to the reader.
Knowing others is intellignece;
Knowing yourself is true wisdom.
Pathos
a Greek reeot meaning "suffering" or "passion;" it usually describes the part in a play or story that is intended to elicit pity or sorrow from the audience or reader.
Whe Oedipus emerges from the palace with his etes gored out of his sockets, this is called the scene of _____.
Personification
metaphorical figure of speech in which animals, ideas, and things are represented as having human qualities.
See the tired moon comes down to her bed on the black sea.
Plot/Plot Line
the action or sequence of event in a story; it usually is a series: exposition, rising action, climax, faling action, and resolution, as the story develops.
climax is one element of the _____.
resolution is one element of the _____.
falling action is on element of the _____.
rising action is one element of the _____.
First Person Narrative
(Point of View)
the most objective point of view, allowing the story teller to record the action from his or her own point of view, being unaware of any of the characters' thoughts or feelings.
"For me, the store porch was the most interesting place that I could think of. I was not allowed to sit around there, naturally. "
Protagonist
the main character or hero of the story.
In "To kill A Mockingbird," Atticus Finch is the main character or _____ of the story.
Pseudonym
this term is also referred to as "pen name" - it means "false name" and applies to the name a writer uses in place of his or her given name.
Samuel Clemens took the name Mark Twain; this was his _____.
Quest
features a main character who is seeking to find something or achieve a goal; in the process, this character encounters and overcomes a series of obstacles, returning wiser and more experienced.
In "Epic of Gilgamesh," Gilgamesh goes on a search or _____ for everlasting life.
Plot/Plot Line
the action or sequence of event in a story; it usually is a series: exposition, rising action, climax, faling action, and resolution, as the story develops.
climax is one element of the _____.
resolution is one element of the _____.
falling action is on element of the _____.
rising action is one element of the _____.
First Person Narrative
(Point of View)
the most objective point of view, allowing the story teller to record the action from his or her own point of view, being unaware of any of the characters' thoughts or feelings.
"For me, the store porch was the most interesting place that I could think of. I was not allowed to sit around there, naturally. "
Protagonist
the main character or hero of the story.
In "To kill A Mockingbird," Atticus Finch is the main character or _____ of the story.
Pseudonym
this term is also referred to as "pen name" - it means "false name" and applies to the name a writer uses in place of his or her given name.
Samuel Clemens took the name Mark Twain; this was his _____.
Quest
features a main character who is seeking to find something or achieve a goal; in the process, this character encounters and overcomes a series of obstacles, returning wiser and more experienced.
In "Epic of Gilgamesh," Gilgamesh goes on a search or _____ for everlasting life.
Plot/Plot Line
the action or sequence of event in a story; it usually is a series: exposition, rising action, climax, faling action, and resolution, as the story develops.
climax is one element of the _____.
resolution is one element of the _____.
falling action is on element of the _____.
rising action is one element of the _____.
First Person Narrative
(Point of View)
the most objective point of view, allowing the story teller to record the action from his or her own point of view, being unaware of any of the characters' thoughts or feelings.
"For me, the store porch was the most interesting place that I could think of. I was not allowed to sit around there, naturally. "
Protagonist
the main character or hero of the story.
In "To kill A Mockingbird," Atticus Finch is the main character or _____ of the story.
Pseudonym
this term is also referred to as "pen name" - it means "false name" and applies to the name a writer uses in place of his or her given name.
Samuel Clemens took the name Mark Twain; this was his _____.
Quest
features a main character who is seeking to find something or achieve a goal; in the process, this character encounters and overcomes a series of obstacles, returning wiser and more experienced.
In "Epic of Gilgamesh," Gilgamesh goes on a search or _____ for everlasting life.
Renaissance
means "rebirth;" is the period of history following the Middle Ages, beginning in the late fourteenth century and continuing through the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries; this term new refers to any period of time in which intellectual and artistic interest is revived or reborn.
William Shakespeare wrote during the historical period known as the _____.
Repetition
the repeating of a word, a phrase, or an idea for emphasis or for rhythmis effect: "someone gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door . . . "
There is time for being ahead,
A time for being behind;
Atime for being in motion
A time for being at rest.
Rhyme
the similarity or likenes of sound existing between two words: "sat" and "cat" are perfect rhymes because the vowel and final consonant sounds are exactly the same.
The tree stood firm, the reed began to bend.
The wind redoubled its efforts to blow-
So much so
That in the end
It uprooted the one that had touched the sky with its head,
But whose feet reached to the very region of the dead.
Rising Action
the series of struggles that builds up a story or play toward a climax.
In "To Kill a Mockingbird," the incidents in the plot line before the children are attacked are referred to as _____.
Sarcasm
the use of praise to mock someone or something.
"She's a real winner."
Satire
a literary tone used to make fun of human vice or weakness, often with the intent of correcting or changing the subject of the attack.
Don Quixote is an example of the genre _____.
Setting
the time and place in which the action of a literary work occurs.
The _____ of "Cry, the Beloved Country" is South Africa in the 1950's.
Short Story
a brief fictional work; it usually contains one major conflict and at least one main character.
"Rip Van Winkle" by Wahington Irving is the literary genre called _____.
Simile
a combination of two things that are unlike, usually using the words like or as
They shine like a heap of precious stones or like a pane cut out of an old church window.
Soliloquy
a speech delivered by a character when he or she is alone on stage; it is as though the character is thinking out loud.
In Shakespeare's play "Julius Caesar," Mark Antony is alone in the senate and swears he will avenge Caesar's death in a speech known as a _____.
Stereotype
a form that does not change; this type of character has no individuality and fits the mold of that particular kind of person.
The wife in "Rip Van Winkle" by Washington Irving fits the role of a nagging wife and is therefore an example of _____.
Symbol
a person, place, thing, or an event used to represent something else: dove/peace, white/good, black/evil
In Rostand's play, "Cyrano do Bergerac," the white plume of Cyrano's hat becomes a _____ of his unique style and his soul.
Theme
the statement about life that a writer is trying to get across in a piece of writing; in most cases this will be implied rather than directly spelled out.
In the novel, "Nector in a Sieve," the idea of suffering in silence becomes a major _____.
Tragedy
a literary work in which the hero is destroyed by some character flsw or by forces beyond his or her control.
The literary genre to which the play "Oedipus" belongs is _____.
Tragic Hero
a character who experiences an inner stuggle because of a character flaw; that struggle ends in the defeat of the hero.
In Sophocles play "Oedipus," the king looses his kingdom, family, and eyesight.