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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
monsoons
seasonal wind named for the direction in which it blows or the season in which it occurs
citadel
strong central fotress
Vedas
the great literature of the indo-aryan religion
Sanskrit
Indo-aryan language that is the clssical language of india
Brahmins
preists in the indo-aryan religion; also, members of the priestly class
raja
prince who ruled an indo-aryan city-state
Upanishads
philosophical explanations of the vedic religion
epics
long poems describing heroes and great events
Mahabharata & Ramayana
epic poem based on themes from the Upanishads
dharma
Hindu belief in fulfillment of moral duty so that the soul can progress toward deliverance from punishment in the next life
Bhagavad Gita
the last 18 chapts of the Mahabharata stressing the idea of proper conduct for on'e status
caste system
form of social organization composed of four classes which originated in India
monism
Hindu belief that God and human beings are one
maya
according to Hinduism the illusory world of the senses
reincarnation
Hindu belief in the transmigration or rebirth of the soul
karma
Hindu belief that the present condition of a persons life reflects what that person did during a previous life
yoga
Hindu religious practice of physical and mental dicipline that harmonizes the body with the soul
nirvana
a perfect peace part of Buddhist belief which releases the coul from the endless cycle of reincarnation
polygyny
marriage oh a man to mroe that one wife
suttee
Indian ritual in which a widow commits suicide after the death of her husband
stupa
hemispherical of dome-shaped shrine that held objectsassociated with the Buddha