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19 Cards in this Set

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History
record of events cince people first developed writing, about 5000 years ago
prehistory
period of time before people kept written records.
civilizations
highly organized society with complex institutions and attitudes that link a large number of people together
anthropologists
scientists who study the skeletal remains of early humanlike creatures and people to determine how they looked, how long they lived, and other physical characteristics.
hominids
human beings and earlier human-like creatures.
archeologists
scientists who excavate anchient settlements and study artifacts.
artifacts
human-made material objects, for example, a tool, weapon, or a coin.
culture
what humans aquire by living together-- language, knowledge, skills, art literature, and life styles
raidocarbon dating
technique that allows the age of organic matter to be identified by measuring the rate of decay of radiocarbon atoms.
glaicers
large, slowly moving masses of snow and ice
Ice Age
time when Earth had extremely cold weather
agriculture
raising crops and livestock for food
nomads
wanderer who travels from place to place in search of food.
domestication
to tame animals, such as a dog.
Neolithic Revolution
shift from food gathering to food production in prehistoric times.
division of labor
characteristic of civilizations in which different people perform different jobs
irrigation
method of transporting water for crops based on the use of ditches and canals.
artisans
skilled crafts workers
cultural diffusion
spred of culture from one area of the world to another