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30 Cards in this Set

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Messiah
the redeemer whose coming would establish the kingdom of God on earth.

Christians considered Jesus the Messiah
Hieroglyphics
The writing script of ancient Egypt. it combined picture writing with pictographs and sound signs

Greek Meaning- Sacred Carvings
Savannah
An area of open woodlands and grassy plains
Sahel
An area of steppe and semi desert that borders the Savannah
Sahara
Worlds largest desert

Extends across Africa form the Atlantic Ocean to Eastern Sudan
Kalahari
large desert in Southwestern Africa that partially isolates southern Africa from the rest of the continent
Nilouic Africa
lands along the Nile River
Mandate of Heaven
the Chinese belief that heaven entrusts or withdraws a rulers or a dynastys right to govern
Chun-tzu
Confucain term for a person who behaves ethically, in harmony with the cosmic order
Daoism
Chinese philosophy that teaches that wisdom lies in becoming one with the Dao which is the creative principle of the universe

Dao- The Way
Legalism
Chinese philophical school that argues that a strong state was nexessary to have a good society
Hindu
Term applied to the diverse social, racial, lingusitc, and religious groups of INdia
Brahmanas
Texts dealing with the ritual application of the Veda
Dynastic Cycle
Term used to describe the rise, decline, and fall of China's imperial dynasties
Silk Road
Trade route from China to the West that stretched across Central Asia
Neo- Daoism
A revival of Daoist mysterious learning that flourished as on reaction against Confucianism during the Han dynasty
Nirvana
In Buddhism the attainment of release from the wheel of karma
Harappan
1st civilization of the Indus valley
Indo- European
A widely distributed language group that includes most of the languages spoken in Europe, Pusia, and Sanskit
Aryans
Indo- European people who invaded India and Iran in the 1st and 2nd millenia
Vedas
Sacred texts of the ancient Aryan invadors of India

The Rig Veda is the oldest material in the Veda
Mahabharata and Ramayana
2 classic Indian epics
Raja
Indian king
Upanishads
Vedic texts most concered with specualtion about the universe
Atman- Brahman
The unchanging infinate princple of reality in Indian religion
Samsara
the endless cycle of existance birth and rebirth
Karma
Indian belief that every action has an inevitable effect (good deeds bring good results, evil deeds bring evil results)
Dharma
Moral law or duty
Jains
Indian religious community that teaches compassion for all beings
Indo Greeks
Bactrain rulers who broke away from the seleucid Empire to found a state that combined elements of Greek and INdian civilizations