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66 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Inaugurated the liberal and democratic movementsof the 19th century.
French Revolution
Name for France's social classes.
King of France at the beginning of the French Revolution.
Louis XVI
First Estate.
Catholic Clergy
Second Estate.
Bourgeoisie, artisans, and peasants.
Third Estate
Middle Class
Large Gap between the rich and the poor, heavy tax burden on the Third Estate, First & Second Estate don't pay taxes, Elightenment ideas of freedom & Equality, growth of the middle class, & wide spread famine.
Causes of the French Revolution.
In 1789 Louis XVI called a meeting of the _________ for the first time in over 150 years.
Estates General.
Louis XVI called the Estates General because he needed to _____.
raise money
Upper two estates wanted to vote as ______.
Third Estate wanted to vote as______.
Louis XVI refused the Third Estate’s request for a _________.
Mass Meeting (voting as delegtes)
The Third Estate declared itself to be the _____________.
The National Assembly.
Members of the National Assembly swore to remain in session until a constituion was completed.
Tennis court oath.
Ordered all three estates to negotiate in the National Assembly.
Louis XVI
Ordered Swiss troops to Paris.
Louis XVI
French Royal Prison, attacked by Parisians to defend the National Assembly.
Symbolic beginning of the French Revolution.
Storming of the Bastille.
Voted to end special privileges of Nobility & Clergy (Old Regime).
National Assembly.
National Assembly guaranteed freedom of speech, press, and religion. Proclaimed all male citizens were equal but did not grant rights to women.
“Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the citizen.”
In 1791 the National Assembly created a ________.
Limited Constitutional Monarchy.
Working-class men and women who pushed for more radical action during the French Revolution.
Extreme radicals who demanded “true democracy.”
Unpopular Queen of France.
Marie Antoinette
National Assembly declared war on ________.
Seized control of Assembly remove king from office. (French Revolution)
Jacobins killed people they claimed were _____________.
Called by Radicals to rewrite French Constitution.
National Convention
National Convention abolished Monarchy and declared France a _______.
Convicted of Treason and executed by the National Convention.
Louis XVI
During the French Revolution European monarchies fearing the spread of revolution to their countries ____.
allied against France
Because of threats from within, and without, the Convention formed the ____________.
Committee of Public Safety
Jacobin became the head of the Committee of Public Safety.
To stop counter-revolution the committee began the ________. (500,000 people arrested, 40,000 guillotined.
Reign of Terror
Used by committee to deal with invading armies.
Mass Moblization
Whole society helps to defeat enemy.
Mass Moblization
Members of the Convention turned on him because they feared for their own safety. He was guillotined along with many of his followers.
Robespierre’s death ended the _________.
Reign of Terror
Took control of the Convention after the Reign of Terror.
Conservative Government set up by the Convention after the end of the Reign of Terror.
Put in Command of France’s armies by the Directory.
Seized power from the Directory in a Coup d’ etat.
Quick overthrow of government by a small group.
Coup d’ etat.
As first Consul of the French Republic Napoleon assumed ____.
Dictoral powers.
Used soldiers to restore order to France.
Made the law clear and consistent in France.
Napoleonic code
Bonaparte became Emperor Napoleon I by __________.
The will of the people
Napoleon expanded his empire to include most of ________.
British Admiral who defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Trafalgar.
Horatio Nelson.
Because of his defeat at the Battle of Trafalgar, Napoleon gave up on _____.
invading Britain
Napoleon tried to keep British goods out of __________.
European ports
Napoleon invaded IT because IT refused to stop selling goods to Britain.
Was a disaster because of winter conditions.
Napoleon's invasion of Russia.
Tactic used by Russians against Napoleon.
On retreat from Russia Napoleon lost _______.
4/5 of his troops
Grand Alliance defeats Napoleon at Leipzig Germany.
Battle of Nations.
After the Battle of Nations the Grand Alliance took Paris and exiled Napoleon to _______.
Napoleon escaped Elba and upon returning to France______.
won widespread support
Napoleon’s brief comeback.
The 100 days.
Napoleon’s final defeat to Britain and Prussia.
After Waterloo Napoleon was exiled to _________.
St. Helena
Date of Waterloo.
A.D. 1815
Napoleon's lasting influence was that his soldiers spread the ideals of the _____ across Europe.
French Revolution
After the defeat of Napoleon it was held to create a new balance of power to preserve the peace.
Congress of Vienna
Leading figure at the Congress of Vienna.