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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Intellectual movembent of the 17th & 18th centuries.
The Enlightenment celebrated the powers of ______.
Human Reason
Enlightenment thinkers promoted religious ____________.
Enlightenment thinkers sought to construct government free of_____________.
Enlightenment thinkers believed all problem could be solved with__________.
The Enlightenment was prompted by the __________ (1500s & 1600s).
Scientific Revolution
Hobbes, Locke& Rousseau were all considered _________.
social contract theorists
Because Thomas Hobbes believed governments were created to protect people from their own selfishness he believed they _______..
never had the right to revolt.
Form of Gorernment advocated by Thomas Hobbes.
Absolute Monarchy
He believed people had Natural Rights to life, liberty and property.
John Locke
John Locke believed the foundation of Government was a __________.
Social Contract
John Locke Believed that if people's natural rights were not protected they had the_________.
Right to revolt
John Locke wrote in defense of the___________.
Glorious Revolution
French Thinkers of the enlightenment.
Philosophes(not philosophers)
Philosophe who campaigned against intolerance. (wrote Candide).
He combined enlightenment thinking into an Encyclopdia.
Banned Diderot's Encyclopedia.
Catholic Church
Diderot was _________ for his writings in the Encyclopedia.
Advocated a free market economy in the Wealth of Nations.
Adam Smith
Name for complete free market economy (leave it alone).
Laissez faire
He believed the best way to protect people's liberties was by separating the power of government into legislative, executive and judicial branches.
Criticized the enlightenment's excessive emphasis on reason, he believed people needed to rely more on and instinct.
Meetings for the discussion of ideas.
He believed that reason could not be used to explain questions of metaphysics.
Immanuel Kant
Tries to answer ultimate and universal questions.
Kant believed that things that cannot be perceived in ________ cannot be known.
John Locke believed the mind to be a __________.
Tabula rasa(blank slate)
Religion based on reason and natural law, the Enlightenment's religion.
Belief that God started the universe like a perfect clock and then left it alone.
Some people reacted to Enlightenment and did not believe that _________ could explain the universe.
reason alone
Monarchs who used their power to bring about positive political and social changes.
Enlightened Despots
When Britain tried to tighten its control over the colonies after the French and Indian War, the colonies _____.
Because the American colonists believed they were being taxed without their representation and thus denied their natural rights they ___.
declared their independence.
Created a government with Montesquieu's separation of powers and a federal system.
U.S. Constitution
Governmental power (sovereignty) is divided between a central government and regional governments.