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56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
In the 1400s European explorers searched for a better _______.
trade route to Asia
In the 1300s Europeans depended on Asia & India for ________.
In the 1300's controlled the spice trade in Asia & Europe
Arab & Venetian merchants
Merchants seeking profitable trade with Asia was......
Motivation for exploration
Christian leaders seeking to halt expansion of Islamic empires and spreading Christian teachings was.........
Motivation for exploration
Explorers were aided by improved sailing and navigation _______.
First country to venture out on the Atlantic ocean in search of spices and Gold.
Set up a school for Navigators
Prince Henry the Navigator
Under his patronage sailors discovered: the Azores, the Madeira Islands and the Cape Verde Islands.
Prince Henry the Navigator
The discoveries made under the patronage of Prince Henry became the foundation of the ___________.
Portuguese Empire
Discovered the sea route around Africa past the Cape of Good Hope
Bartholomeu Dias
Portuguese captain who was first to reach India. (Calicut)
Vasco da Gama
In the 1400s, the Portuguese established a major presence on __________.
the coasts of Africa
Portuguese defeated the Muslims and established control of the _________.
Indian Ocean
Seizing key ports around the Indian Ocean they came to dominate European-Asian trade.
An end to internal and external conflict enable Spain to enter the race for _______.
Asian riches
Financed Columbus' voyages
Ferdinand and Isabella
Columbus sought a route to the East by _____.
going West
Explorer who concluded that the "New World" must be a continent and not part of Asia
Amerigo Vespucci
Line drawn by the Pope giving the "New World" to Spain & Africa & India to Portugal for colonization
Line of Demarcation
Adjusted the line of demarcation to the West, giving Portugal control of Brazil.
Treaty of Tordesillas
Commanded the first expedition to circumnavigate the world.
Ferdinand Magellan
To circle the world.
His voyage proved the world was round & much larger than anyone believed.
Ferdinand Magellan
His voyage proved the lands where Columbus landed were not part of Asia.
Ferdinand Magellan
Portuguese also colonized ___________ in South America.
Lost out in Africa when other European countries began to colonize because they did not venture inland or establish colonies.
In the 1500s & 1600 became the most important trade item from Africa
The slave trade in Africa was broadened by __.
European Participation
The slave trade filled the demand for ____.
cheap labor
Europeans seeking slaves seldom ventured into __________.
Africa's interior
Relied on African rulers and traders to seize captives and bring them to the coast.
European Slave Traders
Ruler of the Kongo, who tried to halt the slave trade in his lands.
Affonso I
Some African states disappeared because of the _____.
slave trade
Some new African States arose whose way of life depended on the ___.
slave trade
African slave trading state, unified by Osei Tutu in what is present day Ghana.
Asante kingdom
African states often waged war against one another to dominate the _________.
slave trade
Its leaders used wealth from the slave trade to build a strong army in what is present-day Nigeria.
Oyo Empire
First Europeans to challenge Portuguese domination of Asian trade.
First permanent European settlement in Africa built by the Dutch to supply ships sailing around Africa.
Cape Town
Dutch farmers who settled around Cape Town in South Africa.
Muslim empire in India from 1526 to 1857.
Mughal Empire
Had the sovereign powers of a state, built an army and dominated Southeast Asia.
Dutch East India Company
Took over the Philippines and made it a key link in its trading empire.
At one point the Mughal empire was stronger than any European country, but eventually it lost power and the British and French fought for control of _____.
Both the British and the French East India Companies used these India soldiers in their armies.
By the late 1700s it controlled most of India
British East India Company
Dynasty ruled China from 1368 to 1644, allowed trade with Europeans and accepted European missionaries.
Ming Dynasty
Seized Beijing in 1644 and set up the Qing Dynasty in China.
Manchurian dynasty of China.
Both the Ming & the Qing practiced a policy of ___.
Restricted foreign trade
Because of its exclusion of foreigners it became known as the "Hermit Kingdom."
Unlike the Chinese or the Koreans, the Japanese at first ______________.
welcomed Westerners
When many Japanese were converted by the Jesuits, the Tokugawa Shoguns worried that the Japanese Christians would be loyal to the Pope over ___________.
Japanese leaders
Expelled foreign missionaries and persecuted Japanese Christians.
Tokugawa Shoguns
For 200 years Japan remained __________.