Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/216

Click to flip

216 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
engraved wood dipped in ink used as ancient form of writing
block printing
foot soliders in Ancient Greece
phalanx
Capital of China
Beijing
two rivers in the land of Mesopotamia
Tigeris and Euphrates River
Scourge of God, leader from Asia who came to conquer Rome
Attila the Hun
basic tool in pre history
hand axe
4 Great river civilizations
Yellow River, Nile River, Indus River,& Tigris-Euphrates River
split in the Church
schism
attempted to change the religion of the Egyptian people to one god
Amonhotep
Who frorms the 1st triumvirate?
Caesar, Crasus, Pompey
Ruled Greece during the Golden Age
Pericles
rank of the Church
hierarchy
ship of the desert
camel
teachings of Confuscious
Ancestral worship
Believed in good government and was a philosopher king. Wrote The Republic.
Plato
Islamic house of worship
Mosque
Tyrant from Ancient Greece who practiced ostracism
Cleistenes
Hebrew Bible
Torah
religion brought from China to India
Buddhism
worship in one god
monotheism
capital of Egypt
Cairo
Religous capital of Islam
Mecca
dead people of ancient Egypt
mummies
name of plant in ancient Egypt used to make paper
papyrus
Leader of the Cartiginian army during the 2nd Punic war
Hannibal
sumerian writing
cuneiform
poor of Rome
plebians
Greek city-state
polis
Egyptian king
pharoah
Yellow soil found in China
Loess
Greek tyrant who divided the land more equally among the peasants than the rich
Solon
founder of Islam
Mohammed
triangle of soil at the mouth of a river
delta
a judge in Ancient Rome
praetor
Capital of Greece
Athens
people with the first ethical world view
Hebrews
calls the Islamic people to pray
Imam
Art in the Byzantine Churches
icons
small pointed blade used in prehisory
microlithe
succesor of Mohammed
caliph
Book of Zorroastronism
Zend Avesta
Egyptian statue that has the head of a man and a body of a lion
sphinx
people who speak for citizens
Tribune
offical church teaching
theology
Ancient Greece stocicism philosopher
Zeno
lines east and west of the Prime Meridian
longitude
Address at Caesar's funeral
Cicero
The cities patriarchs live in
patriachates
Capital of Russia
Moscow
government where people elect their leaders
direct democracy
the most prolific epistle writer
St. Paul
Egyptian writing
hieroglyphics
type of fire proof roof
barrel vaults
6,000 Roman soliders
legion
rich people of Rome
patricians
champion of the people
tyrant
who was Vladimir
ruler of Rome
Greek games that brought the people of Greece together and is still played today
Olympic Games
turning point of history in Rome
Battle of Adrianople
lines north and south of the Equator
Latitude
animals and plants stuck in rocks
fossils
time before history was written
Pre-history
The Emperors from Octavian to Marcus Arelius ruled during what period?
Pax Romana
Islamic God
Allah
Hebrew King who built the temple of Jerusalem
Solomon
religion in ancient Persia
Zorroastronism
consecrated women who kept the fires of the temples burning
Vestal Virgin
structure built by Romans that carries water
aquaduct
Brought Christianity to Russia
Vladimir
The way people live and work to satisfy their basic needs
culture
man who wrote The Illiad and The Odyssey
Homer
trade route through China and Europe that controls trade
Silk Road
Person who spread Hellenistic culture to the Indus River Valley
Alexander the Great
Greek physician
Hippocrates
person who wrote the codes of law used in Ancient Babylon
Hammurabi
1st ancient people to write on the walls
Cro-Magnon man
Capital of Italy
Rome
Bones that tell the future
oracle bones
Traveled Rome in 8 years and put his face on coins
Hadrian
fort on the top of the Acropolis
Parthenon
what was Justinian's code?
a law that kept the Roman tradition and contained the basic principles to shape the legal system of Western Europe and America
Sumerian temple
Ziggurat
allows countries to keep their culture even after the Romans conquered them
law of nations
surplus of goods, divison of labor, and living in a city
civilization
claims of the Roman citizens
civil law
Chinese game
tanagram
what were the greatest achievements of the Romans?
their civil law and law of nations
Itailian city destroyed by a volcano
Pompeii
wrote the Aenid- an epic poem ephasizing patriotism
Virgil
bishops in the Byznatine Church
patriachs
wrote Odes, praised Rome and wrote on simplicity and morality
Horace
1st pope
St. Peter
wrote Annals based on the whole history of Rome
Tacitus
Tower that prayer is called from
Minaret
What major reforms did Diocletian bring to the Roman Empire?
1) enlarged the army 2) limited prices and wages 3) new roads and forts 4) divided the empire East+ West
Islamic Bible
Koran
messenger of God
prophet
Islamic worship stone
Kaaba stone
a study of the orgin of race whether it be the customs of ancient or modern times
anthropology
The river Rome is located on
Tiber River
main job of scribes
to keep records
wrote Travels in the Islamic world
Ibn Batutta
Abu Bakr
brother-in-law to Mohammad who was chosen to take over the Islamic faith after Mohammad died
Burned Rome and blamed Christians
Nero
Wrote the books Confessions and the City Of God
St. Augustine
father of Algebra
Al-Kwarizimi
the greatest Egyptian temple
Karnak
brothers who spoke for the people of Rome
Grachus brothers
Won the battle of Adrianople
Alaric
Emperor who limited prices and wages
Diocletian
Mohammad
founder of Islam, seal of the prophets, believed he was visted by Gabriel
the man who issued the Edict of Milan
Constantine
key to heiroglyphics, decoded by Champollion
The Rosetta stone
1st capital of Russia
Kiev
built the pyramid of Giza
Khufu
persian province
satripy
Apostles to the Slavs
St. Cyril and Methodius
"know thyself."
Socrates
what god is the pharoah son to?
the sun god- Amon-Re
ruled during Pax Romana
Augustus - Marcus Aurilius
what god is the pharoah son to?
the sun god- Amon-Re
wrote Antigony
Sophicles
took over Egypt by chariot
Hiscus
In Ancint Egypt, geometry was developed to do what?
to survey land
Translated the bible from Hebrew to Greek to Latin
St. Jerome
the favored Greek God and is the god of the Olympics
Zeus
made advance in the study of sight and optics
Al-Hazin
Greek writers of tradgedies often posed questions on...
causes of human suffering
an Egyptian tomb
pyramid
philosophy that says "Eat, drink and be merry."
Epicurean
What continent is Egypt found on?
Africa
the greatest Han leader
Wuti
Early civilizations were ruled by a what?
priest-king
became the largest city state after the Persian War
Athens
what does Islam mean?
"submission to God"
the Sinai peininsula was...
not a geographical feature of Egypt
what was the major message of the Christian religion?
Love God, your neighbor and yourself
the Greek physcian of high moral standards
Hippocrates
Why did Christianity spread?
1) it had a direct message 2) gave hope to poor 3) Equality 4) showed courage 5) impressed by sufferers
most influencal on Roman art, literaure, archeticture, and sculpting
Greeks
an Egyptian writer
scribe
wrote the 1st set of laws in Athens
Draco
Who was part of the 1st triumvirate and killed by Marcus Brutus
Caesar
concerned with people's welfare and wrote the book Meditations
Marcus Aurelius
head of the Eastern Roman Empire and the last of the Roman Emperors
Justinian
Plato said all governments should be ruled by this
philosophy king
why were old stone age people able to migrate to America?
b/c of a land bridge
"I came, I saw, I conquered."
Caesar
wrote the Canon of Medicine
Avincienna
Chinese people beled that a ruler kept the madate of heaven by doing what?
ruling wise just and fair
the 5 pillars of Islam
1) pray 5 times a day 2) tithe 2.5% of income 3) professin of faith 4) fast during Ramadan and 5) Pilgrammage to Mecca
veto
block action
Charlamagne of Russia, started schools and brought education to Russia
Yaroslav
Aristotle taught to be...
moderate in all things
Name the mathematics mainly used in Egypt
geometry
Republic
a form of government in which all citizens have the right to choose their leader
the barbarians that invaded Russia
Mongols
a^2+b^2=c^2
Pythagorus
how did the Islamic religion spread?
by conquest
wrote the book called The Elements and is the father of Geometry
Euclid
river called "the giver of life"
Nile River
3 great Greek philosophers
Socrate, Plato, Aristotle
is an anthropologist who discovered "Lucy"
Dr. Leaky
What title did Odoacer take as he became emperor to Rome?
"patrician" to irk the Romans
what are the achievements of the Mongols?
1. census 2. postal system
what kind of poetry did Li Po become famous for?
hiaku
Wrote the History of the Persian War
Herodotus
mountains found in the Western part of China
Himalayan mountions
Emperor who wrote Meditations
Marcus Arelius
the military city-state of Greece
Sparta
ruled Egypt for 67 years
Ramases
most scientific advances were (are) made to...
solve everyday problems
Assyrians most famous warfare
seige warfare
Sophist were considered dangerous because...
they emphazised success more than respect
What class did most egyptians belong to?
peasants
who was the most famous poet of Ancient China
Li Po
ruler who divided his area into provinces
Darius
The illiad tells the story of...
the Trojan War
What is the church hierarchy
1) pope 2) archbishop 3) bishop
What was the ancietn as well as present day capital of Rome?
Italy
civilizations begin with a....
city
"eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth"
Hamurabi
Roman who wrote a medical encyclopedia
Galen
Solon, Clistones, and Pericles all allowed...
more citizens to become involved with the Government
Clestines introduced this custom
ostracism
Ancient Greece did not form this type of government used in ancient times
theocracy
The 3 Hebrew Kings
Saul, David, Solomon
The Pelopenisian League resented this city-state
Athens
What did Rome do to Carthage after the 3rd Punic war?
they destoyed Carthage and put salt on the land so nothing would grow there
person elected by the Assembly of Tribes
praetor
assembly of tribes made up of many people
tribunes
What mountain chains border and are found in Italy
Alps and Asennins
Augustus' 7 Accomplishments
1) stabilized goverment 2) maintained peace 3) reformed provicial administration 4) fair taxation 5) developed trade and industry 6) encouraged science, art and literature 7) constructed roads, aquaducts and bridges
7 accomplishments of Caesar
1) weakened senate rule 2) citizenship extended 3) provided land to the poor 4) beautifies the city 5) reforms the government 6) taxes adjusted 7) conquered parts of Asia
What were the major causes of the decline of Rome?
political, social, economic
the island Ancient Greece began on
Crete
horse stadium and place to get food
Circus Maximus
geography is important to history because...
it shows a connection between people
where agriculture began
the Middle East
general who crossed the Alps in the 2nd Punic War
Hannibal
Why can the battle of Adrianople be said to be a decisive battle in history?
beacause the Romans are defeated (and if they had not fallen we would have no medival times)
What was the Madate of Heaven used to justify?
whether or not a ruler could stay in power
Why was Hammurabi's law important
it recorded all previous laws
when a priest serves as a king
theocracy
these people spread the culture of Mesopotamia. known as "the carriers of civilization"
Phaenicians
study of people, their enviorment and resources
geography
Who formed the 2nd Triumverate?
Octvarian- ruled the West and Rome
Antony- rules East and Rome
was an orator who wrote essays on Greek philosophy
Cicero
most brutal people
Assyrians
the 2 kinds of Latin. Explain each.
1) Literacy- formal 2) vernacular- everyday
What does the title Augustus mean?
Grand, holy, majestic
this structure is 2000 miles long and was made to keep barbarians out
The Great Wall
Chinese leaders could stayu in power by doing what?
by keeping the mandate of Heaven
2 types of plays found in Greece
tradjedy and comedy
the 3 types of Greek columns
Ionic, Doric, Corinthian
both Thucidities and Herodtotus hold this occupation
historian