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26 Cards in this Set

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Aeschylus
525 - 456 BC; Wrote: Agamemnon, Prometheus Bound, The Persians; Argued Gods ultimately provide human justice
Sophocles
495 - 406 BC; Wrote: Oedipus Rex, Antigone, Electra; Dramas dealing with conflict between persons will and fate
Euripedes
480 - 406 BC; Wrote Medea and Orestes; Examined social and political ideas, criticized war, prejudice, hypocrisy, greed
Aristophanes
446 - 385 BC; Outstanding greek playwright of comedies; Wrote: Lysistrata, The Frogs; Satirized political/cultural leadership
Homer
9th century; Wrote: Iliad and Odyssey
Hesiod
750 - 700 BC; Wrote poems about farm life and hard labor
Sappho
600 BC; Woman, wrote beautiful lyric love poems
Pindar
522 - 443 BC; Great lyric poet; Wrote odes honoring victorious athletes at Olympic games
Cicero
106 - 43 BC; Father of Latin prose; Wrote extensively on ethical, religious, political subjects
Vergil
70 - 19 BC; Wrote famous epic poem Aeneid
Horace
65 - 8 BC; Roman; Wrote Odes
Senecac
3 BC - 65 AD; Stoic philosopher wrote essays on morals
Petrarch
1304 - 1374; Italian Humanist; Wrote sonnets and longer works
Pico della Mirandola
1463 - 1494; Italian Humanist; Challenged religious ideas and praised dignity of human being
Erasmus
1466? - 1536; Dutch Humanist; Wrote Praise of Folly; Ridiculed superstition, prejudice, upper class privileges and church abuses
Sir Thomas More
1478 - 1535; English Humanist; Wrote Utopia; Portrayed ideal country, free of war, injustice, poverty, ignorance
Dante
1265 - 1321; Italian; Wrote Divine Comedy, long poem in vernacular; Imaginary trip through hell, purgatory and heaven
Boccaccio
1313? - 1375; Italian Humanist; Wrote The Decameron
Chaucer
1340? - 1400; English; Wrote Canterbury Tales
Machiavelli
1469 - 1527; Italian; Wrote The Prince - work on ethics and government - how rulers maintain power
Rabelais
1494? - 1553; French; Wrote Gargantua and Pantagruel; Comic world of giants whose adventures satirized education, politics, philosophy
Montaigne
1533 - 1592; French; Wrote Essays; Skeptical of accepted beliefs and condemned superstition and intolerance
Cervantes
1547 - 1616; Spanish; Wrote Don Quixote; Ridiculed feudal society, knighthood and chivalry
Shakespeare
1564 - 1616; English
Milton
1608 - 1674; English; Wrote Paradise Lost and advocated for freedom of press in Areopagitica
Moliere
1622 - 1673; French; Dominated french literature as leading comic dramatist; Wrote The Misanthrope and The Imaginary Invalid