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25 Cards in this Set

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one of the fenced in hedged in field created by wealthy British landowners on land that was formerly worked by village farmers
Enclosures
person who organized, manages, takes on risk of businesses
Entrepreneurs
the making of goods or wares by manual labor or by machinery, esp. on a large scale
Manufacturing
factors of production are owned by public and operate for well fare of them all
Socialism
the condition of having a highly technical implementation
Mechanization
an association of workers, formed to bargain for better working conditions and
higher wages
Unions
a federation of trade unions organized in 1886: united with the Congress of Industrial Organizations 1955
American Federation of Labor
system of growing a different crop in a field each year to preserve the fertility of the land
Crop Rotation
a machine for separating the fibers of cotton from the seeds
Cotton Gin
a thickly populated, run-down, squalid part of a city, inhabited by poor people
Slums
an association of individuals, created by law or under authority of law, having a continuous existence independent of the existences of its members, and powers and liabilities distinct from those of its members.
Corporation
an economic system in which all means of production are owned by the people, private property does not exist and all goods and services are shared equally
Communism
negotiations between workers and their employers
Collective Bargaining
shift, beginning in England during 18th century, fomo making goods by hand to the machine
~Mid 1700s
Industrial Revolution
engine worked by steam
Steam Engine
social class made up of skilled workers, professionals, business people and wealthy farmers
Middle Class
idea that government should not interfere with or regulate industries and businesses
Laissez fair
class of wage earners, esp. those who earn living by manual labor
Proletariat
collection of various resources, which contribute to producing goods or services Example: Factors of production fall into three main groups - land, labor, and capital
Factors of Production
the social process whereby cities grow and societies become more urban
Urbanization
A cloth, especially one manufactured by weaving or knitting; a fabric
Textiles
the philosophical/ethical theory that people should judge ideas, institutions, and actions based on their usefullness
Utilitarianism
the middle class in France who loved the enlightenment ideas
Bourgeoisie
the legal prohibition and ending of slavery
Abolition
to refuse to work when a business owner does not meet demands for higher pay or better working conditions
Strike