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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Geography
study of the earth and its people
Judaism
religion of the Hebrews
Christianity
religion based on the teachings of Jesus
Islam
religion based on the teachings of Muhammad
Buddhism
religion based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama
Hinduism
national religion of India
Confucianism
philosophy based on the teachings of Confucius
Daoism
philosophy based on the teachings of Laozi
Shintoism
ethnic religion of Japan
Renaissance
cultural movement which began in Italy in the 1300's and spread throughout Europe
Humanism
Renaissance movement based on the heritage of ancient Greece and Rome which emphasized a more worldly outlook
Reformation
religious movement of the 1500's which split the western Christian church into Protestant and Catholic faiths
Mercantilism
an economic theory that colonies exist for the benefit of the mother country
Inflation
an economic situation in which prices rise quickly while the value of money decreases.
Absolutism
a government in which the ruler's power is unlimited
Divine Right of Kings
the idea that rulers receive their authority from God and are answerable only to God
Balance of Power
a defensive strategy in which weak countries join together to match or exceed the power of a stronger country
Market Economy
an economy characterized by competition, supply and demand, and the absence of government regulation
Constitutional Monarchy
a government in which a king rules and his powers are limited by a written document that outlines the basic rights of people and the powers of government