Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/55

Click to flip

55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
defeated the forces of Pompey; was assassinated
Julius Ceasar
Greek philosopher who used a method of teaching using the question-answer format with critical examination
Socrates
son of Philip II, thru conquests spread Greek culture into SW Asia
Alexander the Great
first Christian emperor
Constantine
oligarchy; rigidly controlled and disciplined society in ancient Greece
Sparta
Octavian; Caesar's grand-nephew; called the "revered one" by the people
Augustus
1st emperor of the Roman Empire
Augustus
civil war between Athens and Sparta; lasted 27 years
Peloponnesian War
surrendered when their fleet was destroyed
Athens
Greek author who wrote two famous epic poems; The Illiad and The Oddyssey
Homer
Macedonian King who conquered Greece at the Battle of Chaeronea; he was assassinated
Philip II
Anthenian statesman who expanded Athens abroad; he ruled Athens during the great age of brilliance and power
Pericles
Roman poet during the Age of Augustus who wrote The Aeneid in honor of the ruler
Virgil
law which applied to non-Romans, based on natural law or universal law, based on reason
Law of Nations
Greek Athenian aristocrat who made many reforms; canceled all land debts and freed slaves
Solon
second part of the Christian bible
New Testament
Greek philosopher, student of Socrates, published his ideas about the governemnt in The Republic
Plato
Greek city known for it's pursuit of democracy
Athens
Athenian statesman who created the foundations for Athenian democracy
Cleisthenes
Carthaginian general who marched on Rome from Spain crossing the Alps
Hannibal
Greek philosopher, student of Plato; wrote Politics: 3 forms of government: monarchy, aristocracy, and constitutional gov't.
Aristotle
temple dedicated to the goddess Athena
Parthenon
coast of North Africa
Carthage
"to intimidate Greeks"
Hellenistic
period of peace and prosperity (96-180)
Pax Romana
a Jew who proclaimed that through him God was completing the salvation promised to Israel
Jesus
Rome's first code of law
Twelve Tablets
elected member of Spartan oligarchy
ephor
most important architectural form in classical Greek society
temple
"the rule of the many"
democracy
marketplace, open area for people to assemble in ancient Greece
agora
apartment blocks for the poor
insulae
Roman social class made up of less wealthy landholders, craftspeople, merchants and small farmers
plebians
"love of wisdom"
philosophy
the early Greek city-state, central focus of Greek life
polis
a form of gov't in which the leader is not a king and certain citizens have the right to vote
republic
a system of gov't in which every male citizen should participate and vote on major issues
direct democracy
large landowners, formed the ruling class in the Roman Republic
patricians
a long poem that tells the deeds of a great hero
epic poem
church leaders
clergy
highly self-disciplined
Spartan
"the rule of a few"
oligarchy
monotheistic religion that emerged during the 1st century
Christianity
comander in chief; the Latin origin of the word Emperor
imperator
time period noted for considerable cultural accomplishment, expecially in the City of Alexandria
Hellenistic Era
Under his rule, the Romans adopted Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire
Theodosius the Great
structures in Rome that kept the people supplied with water
aqueducts
first used by the Romans in architecture
concrete
one of Rome's chief gifts to the world was its system of what
law
What sea borders Greek and Roman civilization?
Mediterranean Sea
period of time from 1100 - 750 BC; few records remain
Dark Age
Issued in 313 AD - toleration of Christians - gained full rights
Edict of Milan
do unto others as you would have them do unto you
Golden Rule
preached the Gospel to both Jews and Gentiles
Paul of Tarsus
explore good and evil, the rights of individuals, the nature of divine forces, and the naturre of human beings
tragedies