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37 Cards in this Set

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Which civilization is founded based on its own Neolithic Revolution around the Indus River?
HARAPPAN CIVILIZATION
Who was a part of the Harappan Civilization that were good farmers and had an urban lifestyle BUT declines because of environmental disasters?
DRAVIDIANS
The Dravidians believed in reincarnation. What is reincarnation?
THE TRANSMIGRATION OF SOULS
DEATH > BIRTH > REBIRTH
Aryans migrate and fight with the ________.
DRAVIDIANS
Although the Dravidians and Aryans are ethically different, they still _______.
INTERMARRY
Aryans are ____ and write in a ______ language which is related to Greek, Latin, and Persian languages.
INDO-EUROPEAN, SANSKRIT
What becomes like Scripture for Hinduism?
THE 4 VEDAS
What is the oldest text of the 4 Vedas?
RIG VEDA
A time period in which Aryans migrating in with the Vedas being written...
VEDIC PERIOD
What are principalities or kingdoms that do NOT bring political unity?
RAJAS
What was the major world religion based on Aryan and Dravidian ideas/beliefs?
HINDUISM
What is the Aryan Caste System?
1. BRAHMIN
2. KASHATRIYAS
3. VAISHYAS
4. SHUDRAS
5. UNTOUCHABLES
Who are the Brahmin?
PRIESTS AND FAMILIES THAT PRODUCE PRIESTS
Who were the Kshatriyas?
ARYAN WARRIORS
Who were the Vaishyas?
MERCHANTS, ARTISANS, TRADESMEN, FARMERS
Who were the Shudras?
DAY LABORERS
Who were the Untouchables?
MEAT BUTCHERS, BURIERS OF THE DEAD, UNIFIABLE JOBS
What is the subcaste which hold the ONLY source of mobility?
JATI
This is the type of lifestyle in which men (fathers and husbands) control the women completely.
PATRIARCHY
This is a tradition in classic India where a widow should throw herself into a burning burial of her husband's to show full commitment to him.
SATI
Aryan religion is POLYTHEISTIC. Two of their gods are:
INDRA (intimidating god, reflects warlike lifestyle of Arians)
VARUNA (god that watches over human activities, inflicts punishment - ethical dimension)
Aryan religion merges from polytheism (and ritual sacrifices) to ______.
MYSTICISM
Besides reincarnation, another religious belief the Dravidians had is the _________.
LAW OF KARMA
______ is the group of texts that tell us the principle idea of Hinduism (which is Brahman).
UPANISHADS
What is Brahman?
"UNIVERSAL SOUL"
IDEA THAT UNIFIES ALL THE BODIES IN THE WORLD TIED TOGETHER BY BRAHMAN
With Hinduism, what is the ultimate goal?
TO END THE CYCLE OF REINCARNATION AND HAVE ONE'S SOUL PASS PERMANENTLY INTO BRAHMAN.
Who is someone who lives a simple lifestyle in prayer and meditation?
ASCETISM
Who established the 1st empire in India and imposed a degree of political unity?
CHANDRAGUPTA MAURYA
Who is the grandson of Maurya that extends political control & converts to Buddhism?
ASHOKA
What group of texts explain the changes in Hinduism... and tells the epic tale of Krishna/Vishnu and Arjun?
BHAGAVAD GITA
Who is the founder of Jainism?
MAHAVIRA
came from an aristocratic family, created idea of Karma vs. Reincarnation.
Under the religion of Jainism, the founder, Mahavira, pairs _____ and _____.
ASCETISM AND NON-INJURY
suicide through starvation is final act of ascetism
Who is the founder of Buddhism?
GAUTAMA
What is the main cause of evil according to Buddhism?
HUMAN SUFFERING
cause of PAIN IS CHANGE
What are the 4 Noble Truths under Buddhism?
1. EXISTENCE/ LIFE IS SUFFERING
2. SUFFERING SPRINGS FROM DESIRE AND ATTACHMENT TO OTHER PEOPLE/THINGS
3. CURE IS EXTINCTION OF DESIRE
4. MODERATION - "MIDDLE WAY" IS THE ANSWER
What is the ultimate goal of Buddhism?
NIRVANA: state of ending all desires
What is the importance of Ashoka?
MAURYAN EMPEROR; ACCEPTED BUDDHISM AND SENT OUT MISSIONARIES TO SPREAD IDEA