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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Oldest civilization in the world; where Neolithic Revolution first takes place
SUMER TO THE SOUTH
MESOPOTAMIA
Self-sufficient political and economic entity; city independently ruled by kings and govt.
CITY-STATE
One city-state tries to take control of another city-state to bring unity among the two
EMPIRE BUILDING
People from North like _____ tried to take over ______ to diffuse their technology around Mesopotamia
BABYLON
SUMER
Early developed system of writing; cut wedges into wet tablets with wedge shaped latters
CUNEIFORM
Religions of Middle East & China are _______. They viewed gods as _________.
POLYTHEISTIC
ANTHROPOMORPHIC
Architecture of the Middle East & China were series of platforms that decrease in size called _________.
ZIGGURATS
_____ is the first systematic Law Code that regulates all aspects of society and makes prospect of appeal.
HAMMURABI'S CODE
The dominant theme of Egypt is the ________.
NILE RIVER
(flows from SOUTH to NORTH)
Other themes of Egypt besides the Nile River consist of:
EARLY POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT & AN OPTIMISTIC CULTURAL OUTLOOK
A _____ is one who rules politically. The citizens believed he was god-like, divine, and looked over his people even after he died > mummification.
PHARAOH
Tomb for the Pharaoh, not a temple, where the Pharaoh's body is kept.
PYRAMID
_______ is the most famous set of pyramids - reflects Pharaoh's power and importance.
GIZA
Religion of Egyptians is:
OPTIMISTIC, POLYTHEISTIC, BUT NOT ANTHROPOMORPHIC
Who is Re/Ra?
THE SUN GOD
Who is Osiris?
FATHER IN RELATION TO ISIS AND HORUS;
REPRESENTED IRRIGATION
Who is Isis?
WIFE OF OSIRIS;
REPRESENTED REPRODUCTIVITY
Who is Horus?
SON OF ISIS AND OSIRIS;
REPRESENTED VEGETATIVE FORCES AND POWERS
What do the Egyptians believe happens in the After life?
POSSIBILITY OF EVERLASTING REWARD IF YOU'RE GOOD IN REAL LIFE; SOUL WOULD BE JUDGED BY OSIRIS THROUGH THE FEATHER OF TRUTH ON A SCALE WITH SOUL
Series of prayers at the time of last judgment
BOOK OF THE DEAD
writing on plant strips like papyrus with pictographs (easily recognized nouns)
HIEROGLYPHICS
Rosetta Stone has which three languages on it?
HIEROGLYPHICS
GREEK
CURSIVE HIEROGLYPHICS
Time in which the Egypt is pure and simple; develops unique and isolated civilization
OLD KINGDOM
Time in which Egypt becomes less isolated because the HYKSOS invade and settle in the Nile. Also known as the Bronze Age.
MIDDLE KINGDOM
Who drives out the Hyksos and brings in a new kingdom to Egypt, putting an end to the Middle Kingdom?
18TH DYNASTY
Who is the pharaoh that brought about new monotheistic religious beliefs, claiming he is the only mediator to that one god?
(also took away ALL symbols of other religious beliefs)
AKHENTON
Who restored the old religions Akhenton removes?
KING TUT
____ is to the south of Egpy and supplied labor work for places in Egypt.
KUSH
What is Kush's capital?
NAPATA
Who attempts and succeeds in the conquest of Egypt?
KASHTA
but HIS SON, PIANKHY FINISHES IT
The kingdom Kush is overtaken by who?
AXUM, AN AFRICAN KINGDOM
Why is Axum's economy important?
ADVANCEMENTS IN TRADE
AGGRESSIVE TRADERS
METAL/IRONS PRODUCERS
Who is Ezana?
EMBRACED CHRISTIANITY, SET UP MONASTERIES