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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is a Dynastic Cycle?
A TIME WHERE A DYNASTY COMES TO POWER DURING A CRISIS, PROMISING TO RESTORE PEACE - THEY DO BUT THEN AS OTHERS MOVE INTO REIGN, THE MISSION BECOMES INVISIBLE
RISE & FALL OF DYNASTIES
In which dynasty is the Emperor looked at like a Pharaoh would be in the Egyptian civilization - worshipped?
SHANG DYNASTY
The Shang Dynasty finds importance in _____ rituals to ensure crops' survival.
FERTILITY
The Shang Dynasty brings about ______, a time when a king relies on vassals.
FEUDALISM
What was the importance of the Shang Dynasty's technology?
CASTING OF BRONZE
The Shang Dynasty worshipped _____ and _____.
ANCESTORS AND EMPERORS
This is what priests used to understand/forecast the future. Drill holes in animal shells, put a rod to force a crack/explode. They then interpret the cracks & recurring patterns which later become symbols/building blocks of written Chinese languages.
ORACLE BONE
Who takes over the Shang Dynasty?
ZHOU DYNASTY
Who originated the idea of the Mandate of Heaven?
ZHOU DYNASTY
A type of government in which the govt. pays people (shi) a salary to do work for you.
BUREAUCRACY
What is the cause of the Warring States Period during the ZHOU Dynasty?
CIVIL WAR PERIOD WHICH THE VASSALS AND NOBLES BECOME WARLORDS AND TRY TO BREAK AWAY FROM EMPEROR AS IF THEY ARE MONARCHS - BATTLE AGAINST OTHERS FOR LAND
What are the results of the Warring States Period?
PHILOSOPHIES:
CONFUCIANISM (strong govt approach)
DAOISM (naturistic approach)
LEGALISM (rule of Law & Order)
How do we know about Confucius?
FOLLOWER, MENCIUS
What is the name of the book which holds the writings og Confucius?
ANALECTS
What are the two main ideas of Confucianism?
1. PEOPLE ARE BY NATURE SOCIAL
[idea of Jen (social nature of our soul) and YI (acting towards others as you would have them act towards you)]
2. HEIRARCHAL RELATIONSHIPS (society should have superior/inferior relationships)
Who founded Daoism?
ZHOU Dynasty
LAO-TZE
What is the central theme of Daosim?
ZHOU Dynasty
INDIVIDUAL LIVING; HARMONY TOWARDS ONESELF AND NATURE
What is: minimal govt, allowing the govt to run on its own?
ZHOU Dynasty
LAISSEZ-FAIRE
What is the central theme of Legalism?
ZHOU Dynasty
RULE OF LAW AND ORDER
PUNISHMENT FOR VIOLENCE AND CHAOS
What is the new form of Buddhism, the more practical form?
ZHOU Dynasty
MAHAYANA
What were the two differences between the new vs. old forms of Buddhism?
ZHOU Dynasty
MAHAYANA:
1. WORSHIPPED BUDDHA THEMSELVES (makes it less philosophical, something spiritual to focus on)
2. BODDHISATVA (idea that there were some who almost reach Nirvana but stay behind to help others)
Which dynasty replaces the Zhou Dynasty?
CH'IN DYNASTY
very short-lived empire
Who is ultimately referred to as China's first emperor because of his huge impact on China - consolidating power?
CH'IN Dynasty
SHI HUANG TI OF QIN
puts end to wars, brings unity
Who is the Prime Minister that ruled with an "iron fist" and is a follower of Legalism?
CH'IN Dynasty
LI SSU
What are the 4 importances to the Ch'in Dynasty?
1. REORGANIZE CHINA (commanderies: equal administrative units)
2. INSTITUTE A SINGLE SYSTEM OF MONEY TO UNIFY ECONOMY
3. INSTITUTED A SPECIAL LENGTH FOR AXELS ON WAGONS
4. IMPLEMENT ONE SYSTEM OF WRITING FOR CHINA
5. CONSTRUCT GREAT WALL OF CHINA
Who was the first emperor of the Han Dynasty that brought power through social mobility (started as a peasant) and shifts to a bureaucratic society?
HAN Dynasty
LIU PANG
What is the name of the social group that embraced Confucius, and raised children to be a part of a scholarly and well-educated society?
HAN Dynasty
SCHOLAR GENTRY
What is the Civil Service Extermination?
HAN Dynasty
TO GET A JOB IN THE GOVT, A KID MUST BE TRAINED IN CONFUCIANISM
Who expanded China through empire-building within the HAN Dynasty?
Hint: Successor of Liu Pang
WU TI
The _____ _____ is an indirect trade highway headed towards the west during the HAN Dynasty.
SILK ROAD
China's #1 import is silk sold to the middleman then ultimately makes it to the west