Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/29

Click to flip

29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Aryans
Indo Europeans that came down from the steppes. Means noble men or owners of land. Polytheistic and started caste system
Indra
God of Aryans: Lord of the sky, giver of rain and god of war
Agni
Lord of Fire
Vedas
Oldest texts that make up Hindu scriptures today
Rig Veda
Oldest text that contains more than 1,000 hymns
Caste System
A class into which a person is born and must remain his or her entire life.
Varna
something you are born into; social class based on skin color.
Brahmins
the caste of priests and scholars; the top dog
Kshatriyas
Rulers and Warriors; they would learn but not teach the Vedas; considered dying in battle the highest honor
Moksha
Release from the cylce of rebirth
Brahman
Supreme spirit; gender free; does not have a human form
Vishnu
Preserver or Renewer
Siva
The Destroyer
Atman
Soul or spirit that Hindus believe comes from Brahman
Brahma
The Creator
Dharma
Truth, righteousness, law, justice and DUTY.
Samsara
Reincarnation: act of being born over and over again
Vaishyas
The merchant class that Hindu scriptures stated they sprang from thighs or the lap of Brahma. They included storekeepers, traders and craftsman. Duties were agriculture, cattle tending, and trade.
Jatis
Mini or specific classes inside bigger classes. Caste with a a certain Varna.
Varuna
Lord of the Waters
Untouchables
Known as outcasts; slaves and prisoners of war. Lowest of caste system.
Mandir
temples of Hindus
Pujari
religious officials who prepares the murti and lights the arti lamp for worship
Mantras
Verses or chants from the Hindu holy book
Shastras
Written beliefs of Hinduism
Ashramas
Stages of life: Student/Householder/retirement/renunciation
Hinduism
religion that is a way of liberating the soul from the illusions, disappointments, and mistakes of everyday existence.
Reincarnation
Individual soul or spirit is born again and again until moksha is achieved.
Karma
Good or Bad deeds