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42 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Dynasty
A series of rulers from a single family.
Culuture
What is the way of life-language, tools, skills, beliefs and traditions-that people develop and leave to their children?
Technology
The part of a culuture that includes tools and the skills to make and use them.
Prehistory
The period of time before written records.
Civilization
What is a form of culuture that includes cities, specialized workers, writing, advanced technology, and complex institutions?
Monotheism
To believe in one god.
Polytheism
To believe in more then one god.
Monsoon
a wind that is dry in one season, and which shifts directions to bring heavy rainfall in the other.
Caste
this is a rigid social group, membership in which is determined at birth and never changes during a person's life.
Reincarnation
the rebirth of the inner self in another body.
Dynastic cycle
the pattern of the rise, decline and replacement of a ruling dynasty.
Agora
in ancient Greece, the marketplace where people gathered.
Acropolis
A fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city
Phalanx
A Greek army unit made up of soldiers stanging side by side, their shielfs and spears forming a solid wall.
Democracy
A government in which the citizens hold the final power.
Tyrant
In ancient Greece, a man who took over the government by force but usually supported the interest of the common people against the nobles.
Polis
A Greek city-state.
Philosopher
A person who seeks wisdom and truth.
Triumvirate
A group of three political leaders who ruled Rome.
Legion
The massive military unit of the Roman army.
Gravitas
The Roman virtue of weightiness, or seriousness, which is related to the qualities of discipline, strength, and loyalty.
Republic
A political unit that is not ruled by a monarch and in which citizens have the right to choose their leaders.
Icon
A small piece of religious art.
Excommunicate
The cut off from the church
Patriarch
the bishop of constantinople, head of the Eastern Orthodox church
Mosque
A muslim temple
Swahili
a culture formed from the bleding of the Arab and Bantu cultures
heretic
a person whose ideas are incorrect in the opinion of the church
guild
an association of people who work at the same occupation
monastery
a religious community of men or women who give up all their possessions, live in seclusion and devote their lives to worship, prayer and self-denial
middle class
in the middle ages the people between the nobles and peasants, today the social class made up of professionals, skilled workers, business people and wealthy farmers
czar
the russian emporer
bourgeoise
in medieval France, people who lived in burghs or towns rather than the rural areas
nation-state
a group of people who occupy a definite territory and are united under one government
Renaissance
a movement in Europe marked by a revival, or rebirth of interest in classical Greek and Roman art, literature and learning
fresco
the technique of painting on wet plaster
vernacular
the everyday language of a a region or country
humanist
one who studies classical texts
perspective
a technique of giving objects in a picture the appearance of depth and distance.
caravel
a small ship developed with triangular sails for taching into the wind and square sails for running before the wind.
compass
an instrument that indicates direction by using a magnetic needle
conquistador
a Spanish soldier and fortune hunter who took part in the conquest of the Americas