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79 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
capitalism
an economic system based on private ownership, competition, and profits
advantages for factory workers
easy job, good wages, get you a house
disadvantages for factory workers
get a new house, boring job, not much personal control, paid in script, and working conditions
advantages for factory owners
profit, freedom, not physically demanding
disadvantages for factory owners
deal with workers, stress
advantages for consumers
cheap, more available
disadvantages for consumers
not unique, products are lower quality, and lack originality
Henry Ford
made cars cheaper and more available
3 Big industrial countries
Britain, US, Germany
laissez-faire
no government interference
utilitarianism
the theory that government actions are only useful if they promote the greatest good for greatest number of people
socialism
belief that the means of production should be owned and controlled by society, either directly or indirectly though government
proletariat
poor
bourgeoisie
rich
Charles Darwin
theory of evolution, survival of the fittest, one of his books read by Hitler
communism
a form of complete socialism in which the means of production are owned by people
Gregor Mendel
looked at plants, genetics, mixed pedal colors of plants
Edward Jenner
Small pox, people who had cow pox never got small pox, and invented the first vaccine
Louis Pasteur
Pasturization
urbanization
growth of cities
countries negotiating at Versailles
US, Italy, France, Great Britain
Wilson's 14 points
visions for world after war, speech presented at treaty of Versailles
militarism
increasing military power and keeping an army prepared for war
nationalism
a deep devotion to one's nation
imperialism
quest for colonies and control, quests to lead contries to the brink of war, sense of rivalry and distrust are increasing
conscription
compulsory call-up of civilians for military service (draft)
problems in trenches
trench foot, rats, dead bodies, gas, fresh food was non-existent, sleep nearly impossible
Bismarck
leader of Germany, used war to unify Germany, once unified wanted peace, and thought France was a threat,
Schlieffen Plan
attack and defeat France in the west and then rushing east to fight Russia
Kaiser Wilhelm II
leader for Germany who wants to show Germany's power, challenges Great Britain's navy with increased ship building
Balkans
Powder Keg, struggling to be free from Ottoman Empire, Serbia wants to unite slavs on the peninsula
Ultimatum
giving a set of conditions or a punishment
Nicholas II
czar of Russia, dragged Russia into WWI
Lenin
leader of the Bolshevik group and takes over Russia
Stalemate
nobody's winning; no clear winner; "stuck in war"
Lusitannia
a ship sunk by the Germans, and one reason US joined the war
Zimmerman note
a note telling Mexico that Germany would help them fight the US, and this was the last straw before US joined the war
Triple Alliance
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, Russia
Triple Entente
Great Britain, France, Russia
Allied Powers
Triple Entente
Central Powers
Triple Alliance
Treaty of Versailles
the peace treaty signed by Germany and the Allied powers after WWI
Assassination of archduke/Serbia ultimatum
this started WWI
League of Nations
an international association formed after WWI with the goal of keeping peace among nations
US entry (WWI)
1917
propaganda
information or material spread to advance a cause or to damage an opponent's cause
dates of war
1914-1918
trench protection
land mines, barbed wire
Marne
France versus Germany, France stops Germany from gaining Paris
Ypres
Britain versus Germany, Britain stops Germany from gaining the English Channel
Somme
Britain attacks German trench, gains 5 miles of land but losses 614,000 men
no man's land
the name of the area inbetween the two trenches
going beyond a Stalemate
concentrated use of armor (tanks), and use of airpower
Germany as a scapegoat
Germany was blamed for everything and recieved the biggest punishment for starting the war
Stalin
tried to take control of all aspects of life in the Soviet Union, controlled everything
Trotsky
leader of the Bolshevik Red Army during the Bolshevik Revolution
Fascism
a political movement taht emphasized loyalty to the state adn obedience to its leader
Mussolini
newspaper editor and politician who founded the fascist party, played on the fear of a workers revolt
totalitarianism
describes a government that takes total, centralized, state control over every aspect of public and private life
appeasement
the making of concessions to an aggressor in order to avoid war
Hitler
the leader of the Germans at the time of WWII and the Holocaust
US entry to WWII
Dec 8, 1941
Kamikaze
Japanese flyers who tooked their lives to take out a US ship
D-Day
the day on which the Allies began their invasion of the European mainland during WWII
Yalta conference
a conference between US, Britain, and Soviet Union to talk about what they would do to their enemies once they won the war
"close-in" on Germany
(1944-1945)
Big 3
US, Britain, Soviet Union
Japanese surrender
after atomic bombs, ended war, signed on a ship
Effects of WWII on the world
many cities destroyed, lots of money gone, many casualties, government blamed
Hitler's end
Hitler committed suicide once Allies got close
Pearl Harbor
surprise attack in Hawaii by Japan
WWII Begins in Asia-Japan invades China
1937
WWII Begins in Europe-Germany invades Poland
Sept. 1, 1939
VE Day(war ends in Europe)
May 8, 1945
WWII ends in Asia(Pacific)
Aug 1945
WWII Begins in Asia-Japan invades China
1937
WWII Begins in Europe-Germany invades Poland
Sept. 1, 1939
VE Day(war ends in Europe)
May 8, 1945
WWII ends in Asia(Pacific)
Aug 1945