Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/109

Click to flip

109 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
government where the power of the crown is unchecked
absolute monarchy
another name for he age of monarchs
age of absolutism
strongest nation in Europe during the 1500s
Spain
was both the holy roman emperor and the king of Spain
Charles V
dynasty of Charles V and Phillip II
Hapsburg
when Charles V divided his empire his son Phillip II became _____
king of Spain
strongest monarch during Spanish supremacy
Phllip II
Phillip II and other absolute monarchs believed they were kings by ______
divine right
the idea that royal power is granted by god
divine right of kings
he used wealth from colonies to build the largest and strongest army in europe
Phillip II
phillip II saw spain as as the defender of the ______
catholic faith
he involved spain in wars against the enemies of catholicism
phillip II
phillip I attempted to force all non-catholics to ________
catholic faith
was used as a reign of terror to extract all non-catholic elements from spain
spanish inquisition
this source of wealth enabled spain to become the strongest nation in europe
American colonies
Phillip II sent it to invade england
Spanish armada
its defeat in 1588 was beginning of Spains decline as the leading European power
SPANISH ARMADA
IN THE LATE 1500'S FRANCE WAS TORN BY RELIGIOUS CONFLICT BETWEEN _____ & ______.
CATHOLICS AND HUGUENOTS
FRENCH PROTESTANT CALVINISTS
HUHUENOTS
FIRST BOURBON KING
HENRY OF NAVARRE/ HENRY IV
ESTABLISHED THE EDICT NANTES
HENRY IV
GAVE FRENCH PROTESTANTS RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IN 1598
EDICT OF NANTES
REAL RULER DURING THE REIGN OF LOUIS XIII
CARDINAL RICHELIEU
INVOLVED CATHOLIC FRANCE IN THE 30 YEARS WAR ON THE SIDE OF THE PROTESTANTS
CARDINAL RICHLIEU
WAS TRIGGERED BY A REBELLION OF BOHEMIAN PROTASTANTS
30 YEARS WAR
STARTED OVER RELIGION ENDED UP OVER THE BALANCE OF POWER
30 YEARS WAR
ENDED THE 30 YEARS WAR
PEACE OF WESTPHALIA
MADE FRANCE THE STRONGEST COUNTRY IN EUROPE
PEACE OF WESTPHALIA
LOUIS XIV MINISTER OF FINANCE
COLBERT
A TAX ON IMPORTS
PROTECTIVE TARIFF
SUN KING RULED FRANCE FROM 1643 TO 1715
LOUIS XIV
STRONGEST FRENCH MONARCH
LOUIS XIV
IN 1685 LOUIS XIV REVOKED THE _____.
EDICT OF NANTES
SMALL NATIONS BAND TOGETHER TO KEEP LOUIS XIV'S GRANDSON OFF THE THRONE OF SPAIN
WAR OF SPANISH SUCCESSION
PREVENTED THE ALLIANCE OF FRANCE AND SPAIN
TREATY OF UTRECHT
HIS POLICIES BROUGHT FRANCE NEAR FINANCIAL RUIN AND CREATED CLASS CONFLICT
LOUIS XIV
PHILIS'S II'S ENGLISH RIVAL
ELIZABETH I
RULED ENGLAND FROM 1558 TO 1603
ELIZABETH I
ENGLISH CAPTAINS THE CAPTURED SPANISH TREASURE SHIPS AND DEFEATED THE SPANISH ARAMADA
SEA DOGS
RULED FROM 1558 TO 1603, LAST TUDOR MONARCH
ELIZABETH I
FIRST STUART MONARCH BELIEVED IN THE DIVINE RIGHT OF KINGS
JAMES I
THOSE WHO BELIEVED IN THE DIVINE RIGHT OF KINGS BELIEVED MONARCHS WERE ONLY ANSWERABLE TO ____.
GOD
SUCCEEDED JAMES I AS KING OF ENGLAND
CHARLES I
HIS REIGN ENDED IN ENGLAND'S CIVIL WAR
CHARLES I
IT WAS FOUGHT OVER WHO SHOULD RULE ENGLAND ; MONARCH OR PARLIAMENT
ENGLISH CIVIL WAR
THOSE WHO SUPPORTED CHARLES I IN THE ENGLISH CIVIL WAR
ROUNDHEATS
ROUNDHEADS WERE MAINLY _____. (RELIGION)
PURITANS
LID PARLIAMENT'S ARMY TO VICTORY IN THE ENGLISH CIVIL WAR
OLIVER CROMWELL
THE ENGLISH PARLIAMENT TRIED AND EXECUTED _____.
CHARLES I
THE HOUSE OF COMMONS ABOLISHED MONARCHY ND DECLARED ENGLAND A REPUBLIC CALLED THE ____.
COMMONWEALTH
CROMWELL DROVE OUT OF PARLIAMENT AND SET UP A ____.
MILITARY DICTATORSHIP
NAME FOR CROMWELL'S MILITARY DICTATORSHIP
PROTECTORATE
CROMWELL'S DICTATORSHIP ENFORCED A _____.
PURITAN MORAL CODE
CROMWELL DID NOT TOLERATE OPEN WORSHIP FOR ___
CATHOLICS
RICHARD CROMWELL SUCCEEDED HIS FATHER AS LORD PROTECTOR OF ENGLAND, BUT WHEN ENGLAND TIRED OF STRICT PURITAN WAYS HE WAS DEPOSED BY A _____
MILITARY COUP
THE RETURN OF CHARLES II AS KING OF ENGLAND
RESTORATION
RESTORATION DATE
A.D. 1660
THE RESTORATION GAVE ENGLAND A ____
CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY
CATHOLIC BROTHER AND SUCCESSOR TO CHARLES II
JAMES II
ENGLISH FEARED THAT JAMES II WOULD MAKE CATHOLICISM THE ___
STATE RELIGION
NAME FOR THE BLOODLESS DEPOSING OF JAMES II
GLORIOUS REVOLUTION
WILLIAM & MARY WERE GIVEN JOIN RULE OF EANGLAND AFTER THE GLORIOUS REVOLUTION BUT THEY FIRST HAD TO ACCEPT THE ____
ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS
THE ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS MADE SURE PARLIAMENT HAD MORE POWER THAN THE RULER AND ESTABLISHED ____
LIMITED MONARCHY
DATE OF THE GLORIOUS REVOLUTION
A.D. 1688
WAS SELECTED BY THE LEADING GERMAN PRICES BUT IN REALITY DID NOT HAVE MUCH POWER
HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR
ALLOWED MARIA THERESA TO INHERIT THE THRONE OF AUSTRI
PRAGMATIC SANCTION
MARIA THERESA'S DYNASTY
HAPSBUG
DYNASTY THAT RULED PRUSSIA DURING THE AGE OF MONARCHS
HOHENZOLLERN
CROMWELL DID NOT TOLERATE OPEN WORSHIP FOR ___
CATHOLICS
RICHARD CROMWELL SUCCEEDED HIS FATHER AS LORD PROTECTOR OF ENGLAND, BUT WHEN ENGLAND TIRED OF STRICT PURITAN WAYS HE WAS DEPOSED BY A _____
MILITARY COUP
THE RETURN OF CHARLES II AS KING OF ENGLAND
RESTORATION
RESTORATION DATE
A.D. 1660
THE RESTORATION GAVE ENGLAND A ____
CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY
CATHOLIC BROTHER AND SUCCESSOR TO CHARLES II
JAMES II
ENGLISH FEARED THAT JAMES II WOULD MAKE CATHOLICISM THE ___
STATE RELIGION
NAME FOR THE BLOODLESS DEPOSING OF JAMES II
GLORIOUS REVOLUTION
WILLIAM & MARY WERE GIVEN JOIN RULE OF EANGLAND AFTER THE GLORIOUS REVOLUTION BUT THEY FIRST HAD TO ACCEPT THE ____
ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS
THE ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS MADE SURE PARLIAMENT HAD MORE POWER THAN THE RULER AND ESTABLISHED ____
LIMITED MONARCHY
DATE OF THE GLORIOUS REVOLUTION
A.D. 1688
WAS SELECTED BY THE LEADING GERMAN PRICES BUT IN REALITY DID NOT HAVE MUCH POWER
HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR
ALLOWED MARIA THERESA TO INHERIT THE THRONE OF AUSTRI
PRAGMATIC SANCTION
MARIA THERESA'S DYNASTY
HAPSBUG
DYNASTY THAT RULED PRUSSIA DURING THE AGE OF MONARCHS
HOHENZOLLERN
CENTRALIZED PRUSSIAN GOVERNMENT. MADE PRUSSIAN ARMY THE MOST EFFICIENT FIGHTING FORCE IN EUROPE
FREDERIK WILLIAM I
MOST POWERFUL RULER IN PRUSSIAN HISTORY
FREDERIK II (THE GREAT)
HE REJECTED THE PRAGMATIC SANCTION AND STARTED THE WA OF AUSTRIAN SUCCESSION
FREDERIK II (THE GREAT)
MARIA THERESA KIEEPS THE THRONE OF AUSTRIA, AUSTRIA LOSES SILESIA
TREATY OF AIX-IA-CHAPELLE
STARTS AS A STRUGGLE BETWEEN AUSTRIA & PRUSSIA BECOMES A STRUGGLE BETWEEN ENGLAND & FRANCE
SEVEN YEARS WAR
NAME OF SEVEN YEARS WAR IN AMERICA
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR
IN 1650 RUSSIA WAS AN ISOLATED AND ____
BACKWARD COUNTRY
TITLE OF THE RUSSIAN RULER
CZAR
CZAR WHO WORKED TO MODERNIZE/ WESTERNIZE RUSSIA
PETER THE GREAT
PETER THE GREAT WAS AN ___
ABSOLUTE MONARCH
PETER FOUGHT THE SWEDES AND THE TURKS TO GAIN A ____
WARM WATER PORT
PETER THE GREAT BUILT THE NEW CAPITAL OF RUSSIA ____
ST. PETERSBURG
SHE FOLLOWED THE LEAD OF PETER THE GREAT IN EMBRACING WESTERN IDEAS AND EXPANDING RUSSIA'S BORDERDS
CATHERINE THE GREAT
INTELLECTUAL MOVEMENT OF THE 17TH ND 18TH CENTURIES
ENLIGHTENMENT
THE ENLIGHTENMENT CELEBRATED THE POWERS OF ____
REASON
ENLIGHTENMENT THINKERS PROMOTED RELIGIOUS ____
TOLERATION
ENLIGHTENMENT THINKERS SOUGHT TO CONSTRUCT GOVERNMENT FREE OF ____
TYRANNY
ENLIGHTENMENT THINKERS BELIEVED ALL PROBLEMS COULD BE SOLVED WITH ____
REASON
THE ENLIGHTENMENT WAS PROMPTED BY THE ____ (1500S & 1600S)
SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION
THE SUN S THE CENTER OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM
HELIOCENTRIC THEORY
HE DEVELOPED A TELESCOPE AND SUPPORTED THE HELIOCENTRIC THEORY
GALILEO
PROBABLY MORE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENTIFIC METHOD THEN ANY OTHER INDIVIDUAL
GALILEO GALIEI
GALILEO WAS FORCED TO RECANT BY THE ____
CATHOLIC CHURCH
DEMONSTRATED THAT PLANETS MOVE IN ELLIPSES/ OVALS
JOHANNES KEPLER
HIS DISCOVERIES CHANGED THE VIEW OF THE UNIVERSE MORE THEN ANYONE ELSE'S
ISAAC NEWTON
HE LAID HE FOUNDATIONS FOR THE SCIENTIFIC THEORIES THAT SUBSEQUENTLY REVOLUTIONIZED THE WORLD
ISAAC NEWTON