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77 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Horace
poet: human emotions
Nicea
Church Council: Doctrine of Trinity
Second Temple
Wailing Wall remains: destroyed by romans
Romance Languages
italian: french: spanish: portugese:romanian: latin
Circus Maximus
Racetrack seatins 250,000
Pax Romana
Roman Peace
PraetorianGuard
Established to guard the emperor: organized by Augustus
Teutoburg Forest
3 Roman legions wiped out: romans forced to accept boundary of Rhine
Second Triumvirate
lepidus: Octavian: Antony
43BC
Actium
naval battle: octavian defeats antony
First Triumvirate
Caesar: Pompey: crassus

60BC
Social War
"ally" : italy vs rome on citizenship
Zama
battle near carthage: scipio defeats Hannibal
Punic Wars
3 wars between carthage and rome
carthage
better navy: more wealth: feared rome would try to take over sicily
Twelve Tables
laws engraved on tablets
Etruscans
kings ruled late 600sBC: alphabet from Greek characters
Latins
occupied western plains
Virgil
poet: wrote Aeneid
Senate
300 members: public funds, foreign policy, court: dictator could be elected 6 months in emergency
Prolemy
earth at center of universe
Galen
physician: wrote down all medical knowledge
Marcus Aurelius
educated: stoic philosophy: defended empire from invaders
Hadrian
supported arts: romanized and organized provinces: built fortifications: gave up conquered Asian areas
Trajan
spanish general: added new areas making empire biggest ever
Nero
fire: cruel and unpredictable: suicide 68AD
Claudius
followed calligula: conquered Britain: poisened
Attila
leader of huns
Diocletian
reorganized empire: ruled east: every aspect of life controlled: peasants permanently tied to land: defense and security most important
Romulus Augustulus
last roman empereor in the west overthrown by Barbarians
Ovid
poet: love letters, lyrics, metamorphoses
Constantine
constantinople: converted to christianity on deathbed
Tacitus
historian: wrote Annals and Germania
Magistrates
consuls, praetors
Theodosius
banned pagan worship
Valens
eastern emperor
Alaric
king of Visigoths
Marc antony
general and ally of caesar: w/cleopatra: committed suicide
Octavian
caesars nephew
praetors
military commanders: oversaw legal system
Lepidus
caesars second in command
pompey
sold condul in 52BC: orders caesar home out of jealousy: defeats him in greece
Tribune
elected by romes popular assemblies
sulla
consul: marched legions on rome executing hundreds: civil war: ruled as dictator: enlarged senate
Caesar
marius nephew: left rome: returns after sulla died: became consul: spend 10yrs in gaul: marched army toward rome: return to rome: made dictator for life
Gaius
tribune: used public funds for poor: improved political status of equites: killed in riot
Marius
elected consul: signed all men up for army: pay and goods from enemy: expected to be given land
Princeps
first citizen
Augustus
co emperor
Cleopatra
daughter of ptolemy family: roman ally: liason w/marc antony
Crassus
general died in battle
Brutus
senator conspired against caesar
Cassius
senator: conspired against caesar
Publicans
censors contracted w/officals: aggreed to collect taxes
Plutarch
greek: wrote parallel lives
Spartacus
slave: led revolt: 70,000 followers
Tiberius
tribune: limited land for senators: let landless citizens work: killed by senators
auxilia
units of noncitizens
scipio
defeated hannibal ensuring supremecy of greco-roman civilization
Vesta
guardian of fire and hearth
Patriarch
bishops of the 5 administrative centers of church
Collegia
workers trade association
equites
landowning business class with political power
colonus
roman tenent farmer
latifundia
large estates
indemnity
compensation for damages
huns
asiatic tribe north region of black sea: raided and plundered: scared europe
vandals
barbarian tribe: caused huge destruction
Visigoths
germanic tribe: land north of river
Adrianople
visigoths destroy roman army killing valens
legion
most important part of army 4500-6000 men
Chalons Sur Marne
visigoths defeat huns
censors
oversaw moral conduct: register citizens: appoint senate
plebians
normal people
patricians
powerful aristocratic class
consul
ran government: military commanders
Hannibal
huge army: elephants: crossed clps: won several battles: ravaged italian countryside