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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Scientific Revolution
new way of thinking about the natural world based on careful observation and willingness to question
Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer who said the earth revolved around the sun
heliocentric theory
theory the at the sun is at the center of the universe
Johannes Kepler
mathematician who proved the accuracy of Copernicus's theory
Galileo Galilei
Scientist who was forced by the Catholic Church to take back scientific ideas that disagreed with the church's view
scientific method -
logical procedure for gathering and testing ideas
Francis Bacon
Writer who helped advance the scientific method
Rene Descartes
Mathematician who helped promote the scientific method
Isaac Newton
Scientist who discovered laws of motion and gravity
Age of Reason
social contract
According to Thomas Hobbes, an agreement people make with government
John Locke
Philosopher who wrote about government
natural rights
rights that John Locke said people were born with: life, liberty, and property
social critics in France
Writer who fought for tolerance, reason, freedom of religious belief, and freedom of speech
French writer concerned with government and political liberty
separation of powers
Montesquieu idea that power should be divided between different branches of government
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Enlightenment thinker who championed freedom
Mary Wollstonecraft
Author who wrote about women's rights
social gathering for discussing ideas or enjoying art
grand, ornate style
simple style that borrowed ideas from classical Greek and Rome
enlightened despot
ruler who supported Enlightenment ideas but did not give up power
Catherine the Great
Russian ruler who took steps to reform and modernize Russia
Declaration of Independence
document declaring American independence from Britain
Thomas Jefferson
Author of the Declaration of Independence
checks and balances
system in which each branch of government checks, or limits, the power of the other two branches
federal system
system of government in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Bill of Rights
First ten amendments to the US Constitution; protections of basic rights for individuals
improper uses, misuses
study of the universe beyond the earth
organized refusal to buy a certain good or participate in a certain action
attempt to answer a question that needs to be proven or disprove
related to thinking or to the mind
law of gravity
idea linking motion in the heavens with motion on the Earth and based on the principle that every object attracts every other object
changed for the better
take back a law
state or condition of using workers as slaves
introduction of weakened or killed viruses or bacteria into the body to protect against a specific disease
went against