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47 Cards in this Set

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Pacific Northwest culture
From oregon to Alaskawich includes the Kwal Kult, Nootka, Haida tribes
POTLATCH
CEREMONY WERE THE KWAKIUTL, NOOTKA, AND HAIDA TRIBES SHOWED THEIR WEALTH AND RANK BY GIVING FOOD, AND GIFTS TO THE COMMUNITY.
HOHOKAM
TRIBE OF SOUTHWEST DESERT LANDS THAR WERE SUCCESSFUL FARMERS WHO USED IRRIGATION TO PRODUCE CORN, BEANS AND SQUASH.
ANASAZI
TRIBE THAT LIVED IN PRESENT DAY STATES OF UTAH, ARIZONA, COLORADO, NEW MEXICO , THAT BUILT CLIFF DWELLINGS.
PUEBLOS
VILLAGE OF LARGE, APARTMENT-STYLE COMPOUNDS MADE OF STONE AND SUN-BAKED CLAY
KIVAS
UNDERGROUND CERMONIAL CHAMBERS USED BY ANASAZI FOR RELIGIOUS PRACTICES
PUEBLO PEOPLES
DESCENDANTS OF ANASAZI THAT CONTINUED MANY ANASZI CUSTOMS IE. HOPI AND ZUNI
PLAINS INDIANS
TRIBES TO THE EAST THAT BECAME KNOW BY THE COMANCHE, KIOWA, AND APACHE THEY TRADE WITH PUEBLO PEOPLES
`MOUND BUILDERS
PEOPLE WHO LIVE IN WOODED LANDS EAST OF THE MISSISSIPPIE RIVER THAT BUILT MOUNDS FOR RELIGIOUS PURPOSEES
MISSISSIPPIAN
LAST MOUND CULTUREWHO BUILT PYRAMIDS INCENTER OF TOWN, ECONOMY WAS BASED ON TRADE AND FARMING
CAHOKIA
LARGEST CITY OF MISSISSIPPIAN CULTURE. HAD 100 FT. HIGH PYRMIDIN CENTOR OF TOWN.
WOODLAND PEOPLES
PEOPLE OF EASTERN WOODED AREA. THAT HAD SIMILAR ENVIR. AS MISSISSIPPLANS, BUT SPOKE DISTINCT LANGUAGES.
IROQUOIS
LIVED IN EASTERN GREAT LAKES AREA. HAD STRONG ALLIANCE WITH TRIBES THAT SPOKE SAME LANGUAGE
TOTEMS
NATURAL ITEM THAT CLEAN OR GROUP IDENTIFIES WITH
MAYA
CULTURE. WHO HAD EXTRAORDINARY CIVILIZATION IN MESO AMERICA
Tikal
Mayan city in Northern Guatemala that was ruled by a god-king and was a center for religious ceremonies.
Cacao
Chocolate bean that was money in Mayan culture.
Chichen Itza
Religous place of Mayans, where human sacrifices were made.
Cenote
Deep sinkhole lake
Glyphs
Advanced writing system that used pictures or symbels for words.
Codex
Bark-paper book useds by Mayans to record historical events.
Popul Vuh
Mayan book writen after the arrival of Spanish. Talks aaabout Mayan version of creation.
Three major achievements of the Mayan civilization.
Calendar
Math system using 0
Written Language
What were the two main buildings found in Chichen Itza
El Caracol- {The Snail} Observatory
El Castllo- {The Castle}Temple
Decline of Mayan civilization
Desease
Over farming
Warfare
Years passeds between decline of Mayan civilization and arrival of Spanish
700 Years
Aztecs
Civilization that became greatest empire of Meso America. Developed in Valley of Mexico. Poor, nomadic.
Teotihuacan
First major civilization of central Mexico. City-state;home to Pyramid of Sun
Obsidian
Hard, glassy green or black rock found in Valley of Mexico and used to make razor sharp weapons.
Toltecs
Warlike people whose empire was based on conquest.
Quetzalcoatl
god of peace.
The feathesred serpent
Huitzilopochtli
Aztec sun god
Tenochtitlan
Aztec city built by Lake Texcoco
Triple Alliance
Alliance between Texcoco, Tlacopan& Tenochtitlanto gain control over empire.
Chinampas
Farm plots built on the marshy fringes of the lake.
Montezum II
Ruler of Aztec when empire began to weaken.
Incas
Ruling family of a group of people living in a high plateau of the Andes.
Orejones
Means "Big Ears" because of the larg plugs they wore in their wardrobes;Inca nobility
Pachacuti
Second son of Inca ruler Viracocha; took thrown from brother;ruled for 33yrs;Created largest empire in Americas.
Quechua
Language of Inca imosed by government.
Cuzco
Capital of Incan Empire
Compaarable to Rome.
Ayllu
Small goup of workers that worked together for the common good.
Mita
Iabor tribute
Chasquis
Runners that carried messages from one end of the empire to the other.
Chuno
Freeze dried potatoes
Quipu
Set of knotted strings that could be used to record data.
Three ways Inca government involved itself in peoples livess.
Irrigation
Roads
Food