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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Civil War
Conflict between groups within the same country.
Julius Caesar
Leader who brought order to Rome after civil wars. (land reform)(economic revival)(urban renewal)(calendar)(flood control)(cultural explosion)
Triumverate
A rule by a group of three.
Absolute Ruler
One who has total power.
Augustus
Most powerful ruler of the roman empire. His real name was Octavian. Religious, frugal man. Had strict moral code.
Pax Romana
Period of peace and prosperity in Roman empire.
Gladiator
Slaves that were professional fighters. They were forced to fight in public contests to their death.
Latfundia
Huge estates of rich landowners in which slaves were forced to work on.
Pompey
One of three that ruled Rome. He was a popular, wealthy general.
Octavian
Caesar's 18 yr. old grand nephew and adopted son who joined with Mark Antony and Lepidus in 2nd triumverate.
Mark Antony
Caesar's right hand man (general) who tried to rule with Octavian.
Cleopatra
Egyptian Queen who had affairs with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony.
Cicero
Rome's greatest orator and defender of republic.
paterfamilias
Father of Family "eldest male" who ruled family.
Bread and Circuses
Games to distract and control masses of Rome. Grain distribution was given to the poor.
Colosseum
Arena where gladiator competed.