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17 Cards in this Set

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Confucius
China's most influential scholar. Believed social order, harmony, and good government could be restored in CHina if society was organized around 5 basic relationships. He was philosopher; teach. His influence molded Chinese thought for centuries. Wrote book on thoughts called Analects.
Filial piety
Respect for their parents and elders
Bureaucracy
A trained civil service or those who run the government.
Daoism
A philosophy based on the ideas fo the Chinese thinker Laozi, who taught that people should be guided by a universal force called the Dao (Way).
Legalism
A Chinese political philosophy based on the idea that a highly efficient and powerful government is the key to social order.
Yin and Yang
In Chinese thought, the tow powers that govern the natural rhythms of life, with Yin being the feminine qualities in the universe and Yang being the masculine qualities
Qin Dynasty
A short-lived Chinese Dynasty that replaced the Zhou Dynasty in the 3rd Century. Ruler used Legalist ideas to subdue warring states and unify his country.
Shi Huangdi
Qin Ruler. Name means "First Emperor". Expanded China. Determined to unify China.
Autocracy
A government in which the ruler has unlimited power and uses it in an arbitrary manner.
Laozi
Chinese thinker who started Daoism.
Zhou Dynasty
Dynasty that ruled China from 1027 BC to 256 BC
Confucianism
Ethical sytem that promoted social order, harmony and good government.
Social Order
Having to do with relations between people.
Natural Order
having to do with relations between all living things.
Legend
A story handed down from earlier times, especially one believed to be historical.
I Ching
Book of change that was a book of oracles. People used book to answer ethical or practical problems.
The Great Wall
Wall that was built by hundreds of thousands of peasants. United Wall of 1400 miles.