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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Inherited Spain, the Spanish Netherlands, and the American Colonies, son of Charles 5th. shy, serious, and like his father deeply religous. Expanded Portugal, expanded army, and increased wealth. Trying to defend Catholicism launched Spanish Armada, and for the first time was defeated.
Philip II
Kings or Queens who held all of the power within their states' boundries. They also believed in the idea of divine right.
Absolute Monarch
the idea that God created the monarchy and that the monarch acted as God's representative on Earch. An absolute monarch answered only to God not to his or her subjects.
Divine Right
A decleration of religous toleration. In 1598, Henry took another step toward healing France's wounds, by allowing the Huguenots could live in peace in France and set up their own houses of worship in some cities.
Edict of Nantes
In 1624 appointed by Louis. A minister that basically became the ruler of France. Increased power of the Bourbon Monarchy, by going against the Huguenots and weakened the nobles' power
Cardinal Richelieu
Appointed Richelieu because he was a weak king.
Louis XIII
French thinkers that had the idea that nothing can ever be known for certain.
Handsome, authentic, became first king from Borbon Dynasty. Declared Edict of Nates, and restored French Monarchy to a strong position. People didn't like his reliqous compramises and was stabbed to death.
Henry of Navarre
Most powerful French king. Cardinal Mazarin ruled until Louis was 22. He spent a fortune for luxery, weakened nobles power, and fought in the war of spanish succession.
Louis XIV
The long struggle that followed to prevent the union of teh French and Spanish thrones.
War of Spanish Succession
A conflict over religion and territory and power among European ruling families.
Thirty Years' War
In 1648 this ended the Thirty Years' War.
Peace of Westphalia
She got to the throne in 1740, and fought alongside Britian in the Seven Years' War.
Maria Theresa
Followed his father's military policies, encouraged religious toleration, and loved music, philosophy, and poetry.
Frederick the Great
Every great European power involved in this war, fought in Europe, India, and North America, the war lasted until 1763.
The Seven Years' War
Came to throne in 1533 and was 3 years old. Boyars fought to control him. When his wife died he accused the boyars of poisoning her and killed them.
Ivan the Terrible
First ruled alongside step-bro, but in 1696 became sole ruler of Russia. He made Russia more western.
Peter the Great
City founded by Peter the Great, known as the "window on Europe."
St. Petersburg
Always needed money because he was always at war with Spain and France. Parliament refused to give him funds, and when they did he dissolved them. He was publicly executed.
Charles I
From 1642-1649 supporters and opponents of Charles I fought in this war. Royalists vs. Cavaliers, also known as Roundheads.
English Civil War
Puritans found this general and he defeated the Royalists. In 1649 gained power and abolished monarchy and the House of Lords. In 1649 he crushed an Irish uprising and gave the lands to English soldiers. Favored religious toleration for all Christians except Catholics, he even allowed Jews to return.
Oliver Cromwell
Bloodless overthrow of King James II. Mary and William brought their army over and James fled, thus making Mary and William rulers of England.
Glorious Revolution
In Latin means "To have the body." Parliament passed an important law of freedom.
Horbeas Corpus
Laws limited the ruler's power.
Constitutional Monarchy
In 1689 drafted by Parliament as follows:
1)no suspending of Parliament's laws 2)no levying of taxes w/out a specific grant from Parliament 3)no interfering with freedom of speech in Parliament 4)no penalty for a citizen who petitions the king about grievances.
Bill of Rights