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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name 2 ancient East African civilizations.
Axum and Zimbabwe
Name 3 ancient West African civilizations.
Ghana, Mali, and Songhai
African civilizations developed in _____ - _________ Africa.
Sub-Saharan
The Kingdom of Aksum flourished in what is now northern ____________.
Ethiopia
The Kingdom of Aksum had well established __________ with the Greco- Roman world.
Trade links.
What religion was practiced in Aksum?
Christianity
What was the language of Aksum?
Ge'ez
With the _________ __________ of northern Africa in the 7th century, Aksum's contact with the rest of the Christian world was broken.
Muslim conquest
Aksum later became the kingdom of ________.
Ethiopia
Aksum located near _______ highlands and the _______ RIver.
Ethiopian
Nile
The earliest known civilization in Zimbabwe was based on the exploitation of rich deposits of _______.
Gold
City of _________ Zimbabwe was capital of a prosperous empire.
Great
By 1100 Zimbabwe had developed important _________ in gold and ______ .
Trade
ivory
Zimbabwe located near the ______ and ________ rivers.
Zambesi and Limpopo
Zimbabwe was located near the ________ Ocean coast.
Indian
The earliest known civilization in Zimbabwe was based on the exploitation of rich deposits of _______.
Gold
City of _________ Zimbabwe was capital of a prosperous empire.
Great
By 1100 Zimbabwe had developed important _________ in gold and ______ .
Trade
ivory
Zimbabwe located near the ______ and ________ rivers.
Zambesi and Limpopo
Zimbabwe was located near the ________ Ocean coast.
Indian
West African empires of Ghana, Mali and Songhai were located near the _______ River and the __________ Desert.
Niger
Sahara
City of ___________ was center of trade and learning.
Timbuktu
Trans-Saharan trade based on ________ and ________.
Gold and Salt
In early West African civilizations, people worshiped __________.
Nature
The attribution of conscious life to natural objects or to nature itself is known as ____________.
Animism
After 632, animism was replaced by _______ in West Africa.
Islam
Mali was centered near the _________ and ________ Rivers.
Senegal and Niger
The rulers of Mali were converted to ________.
Islam
The peak of the Mali Empire occurred under that ruler?
Mansa Musa
Mansa Musa went on a pilgrimage to _______.
Mecca
The greatest period of expansion in the Songhai empire occurred under:
Sunni Ali & Askia Muhammad
Under Askia Muhammad, ______ flourished and Tombouctou became a major center of ________ _________.
Islam
Muslim Learning
Tombouctou was renowned for its _______ and its book trade
University
Ghana, equipped with iron weapons became master of the _______ __________ from Morocco in the north to coastal forests in the south
Trade routes
Late in the 11th century Ghana was destroyed by the __________, a militant Muslim movement.
Almoravids
What 2 rivers flow into the Indian Ocean?
Zambezi
Limpopo
What river is in the center of Africa?
Congo
What river is the longest in West Africa?
Niger