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32 Cards in this Set

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Basic religion of the earliest Egyptians?
Polytheistic
Zoroastrianism?
-Boldly rejected polytheism
-Formed basis of Persian bible
-1 God (Ahura Mazda)
-Christianity and Islam evolved from it
Which civilization including Zororaster?
Persia
Which civilization wasHammurabi from, and what was important about him?
-Babylon
-First set of written code of ethics/book of laws
"An eye for an eye, _________" ?
Who said it?
-a tooth for a tooth
-Hammurabi's code
What were griots?
Oral historians in west Africa
Who built the step pyramids of Saqqara?
Djoser
Who built the Great Pyramids of Giza, and during what age of Egypt?
-Khufu
-Old Egypt
Ramses II?
-New Age of Egypt
-Most powerful pharaoh ever
Epic of Gilgamesh-which civilization?
Sumeria
What was the Epic of Gilgamesh about?
It reflected the pessimistic emphasis on human mortality
Cuneiform- what was it, and what civilization?
-A system of writing
-Sumeria
The Fertile Crescent: what was it?(Also where, and what else was it known as?)
-The land between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers
-Africa
-Mesopatamia
Ziggurats?
Form of architecture in Sumeria
Satraps?
Persian city-state governors
Ziggurats were what specifically?
Temples
Darius was who, from what civilization?
-Emperor with policy of tolerance
-Persia
Describe the Assyrians.
They were warriors and conquerors.
(The most feared warriors in history.)
-King Assurbanipal
Used cruelty and violence to control their conquered peoples.
Advanced war technology.
Describe the Persians.
The largest empire of the ancient world- stimulated cultural exchange.
Emperor Darius had a policy of tolerance, quite unlike the Assyrians.
-Zoroastrianism
-King Cyrus
What was important about the Phoenicians?
They developed the first alphabet, with letters that represented spoken sounds. (PHONICS...?)
Nubia aka ____
Kush
Describe Nubia/Kush.
-Fighting and trade with Egypt
-Conquested Egypt in 750 BC
-Conquered by invading Assyrians a century later
-Overrun by Axum in 350 AD
Where was Nubia/Kush located?
On the Nile
What was significant about the flooding of the Nile?
Everything was dependent on the Nile.
Flooding destroyed but also irrigated crops. Blessing/curse.
Where in Africa was Carthage?
Northern Africa
Describe West Africa.
-Ghana's gold
-Timbuktu
-Emperor Mansa Musa
-Songhai
-Sonni Ali
-Askia Muhammad's Muslim dynasty
Describe the kingdoms of East Africa.
Axum:
-King Ezana spread Christianity to Ethiopia
-Overran Nubia/Kush

-Great Zimbabwe
Name all of the African civilizations.
Sumer
Persia
Phoenicia
Assyria
Aryan
Nubia
Babylon
Axum
Bantu?
-A member of any of a large number of linguistically related peoples of central and southern Africa.

-A group of over 400 closely related languages spoken in central, east-central, and southern Africa
What was important about Zimbabwe?
Their use of stone
Where was Sumer located?
A small strip north of Persian gulf (in 3200 BC)
What religion was Axum?
Christian