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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Scientific Revolution
the scientific revolution lead to the Enlightenment, the French Revolution, and Napoleon
The sun is the center of the Universe
Theorized that the sun is the center of the universe
proves that Copernicus theory is right by using a telescope and observing the moons of Jupiter.
discovered gravity, laws of motion, and calculus.
a movement of the 1700’s that called for a critical examination of previously held beliefs.
Marquis de Condorcet
liberal economy public education constitutionalism and equal rights.
David Hume
philosophical writer
Freedom of speech and press
Immanuel Kant
philosopher during the enlightenment
Believed that people were good but were corrupted by the evils in society.
a slow gradual change or an overthrowing of a government of a society.
French Revolution and Napoleon
o Absolute Monarchy-
o Social inequality/classes/ancient regime
o Economic Injustices-
o Enlightenment Ideals-
Absolute Monarchy
- King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette ruled their land without any laws.
Social inequality/classes/ancient regime
- the social and political system in france. Clergy/ nobility/ and everyone else (paying most of the taxes)
Economic Injustices
- unequal distribution of opportunities
Enlightenment Ideals
- want social Justice
-Estates General
National Assembly
Seizure of Bastille
-Declaration of the rights of man
-Limited Monarchy/Republic/5 man directory
Estates General
-legislative assembly of different classes
National Assembly
- created by the 3rd estate and they make the declaration of the rights of man
Seizure of Bastille
- the Mark of the French Revolution the lower class storms the army.
Declaration of the rights of man
- individual right and collective rights of all estates.
Limited Monarchy/Republic/5 man directory
- King stood as the head of the state but had limited power.
Maximillien Robespierre
- ruled through fear and the leader of the French revolution
Reign of terror
-months of violence between fractions
- device used to perform executions created by Dr. Joseph Guillotin created as a humane gesture and turned into a symbol of terror.
NAPOLEON's Rise to Power-
becomes officer in the French Army helps capture Toulon from British promoted to General Crushes rebels opposed to the National Convention Becomes commander in chief Army in Italy Overthrows the directory and becomes the first consul of France Crowns himself emperor.
Coup d etat
-a sudden overthrow of a government that is illegal that uses a military.
- Napoleon crushes the rebels that oppose the National Convention
- Napoleon Shows bravery and becomes the commander in chief gains support and carries flag across bridge.
-Napoleon loses to British in Egypt naval Battle
- a great military victory where Napoleon takes the low ground and he becomes in the military genius category.
- Napoleon traveled far into Russia Moscow was deserted supply lines cut very cold gets exiled after war.
- Napoleon fought Against Duke Wellington but was out thought and out strategized.
Economy-pleasing peasants by refining debt.
Education-all male citizens should receive an education.
Napoleonic code- system of law and order
Duke Wellington
- British Commander who defeats Napoleon
Permanent Exile after surrendering at Waterloo.