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115 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Prehistory
THe period of time before writing
Archaeology
The study of past societies through analysis
Anthropology
the study of human life and culture based on artifacts and human fossils
artifacts
tools, pottery, paintings... left behind by early people.
Paleolithic age
"old stone" early period of human history in which humans used simple stone
nomads
move from place to place
yoga
method of training that leads to oneness with god
zeus
chief of gods
monotheism
belief in one god
neolithic revolution
from hunting to keeping animals. form gathering to growing food. 8000 b.c
cuneiform
system of writing developed by sumerians
buddhism
religious doctrine introdused in northern india in 6th century "enlightened one"
Nirvana
ultimate reality. reunion with great world soul. buddhism
polytheism
belief in many gods
hinduism
major indian religious system
ziggurat
stepped tower with temple on top for god or goddesses of sumerian city
theocracy
government ruled by divine authority
dynasty
family of rulers, passed on
amon ra
sun god
domestication
adaption for human use
culture
the way of life a people follows
civilization
large number of people share a number of common elements such a social structure, religion, and art.
empire
political unit under a single leader that controls many peoples or territories.
city-state
city and land surrounding it
homo sapien sapiens
first humans
nile river
worlds longest river
pharoah
ruler of ancient egypt
sankirt
ancient writing of the aryans
persian immortals
most ellite fighting force in asia
torah
holy scripture of the jews
pyramids
tombs for pharoahs
hieroglyphics
written laguage of ancient egyptians
judaism
monothiestic religion developed among isrealites
mummifiacation
a proccess of slowly dryong a dead body to prevent from decaying.
caste system
social classes created by aryans
untouchables
lowest class of the caste system
the vedes
ancient books that teach historians about the aryans
siddhartha guatama
father of buddhism also called buddha
aristicracy
and upper class whose wealth is based on land and whose power is passed from generation to generation.
monarchy
government by single sovereign such as king or queen
mandate of heaven
claim by chinese kings that they had direct authority from heaven to rule and keep order in the universe.
confucious
the father of confucianism
homer
worte the odissey
polis
early greek city state
agora
early greek city state
acropolis
center of polis??
phalanx
wall of shields created by foot soliers marching close together in a rectangular formation
hoplite
greek soldier whose main weapon was a spear.
helots
capture peoples who were forced to work for their conqueons
persian war
between sthens and persia
xerxes
persian monarch after darius
delian league
athenians formed defensive alliance against persians
peloponnesian war
between athenian empire and sparta
hades
god of underworld
aphrodite
goddess of love
aries
god..?
poseidon
god of sea
tragedy
greek play that comes in a trilogy. usually ends bad for main charactors.
comedy
greek play. humoruos and funny. about politics
philosophy
an organized syestem of thought
acropolis
center of polis??
phalanx
wall of shields created by foot soliers marching close together in a rectangular formation
hoplite
greek soldier whose main weapon was a spear.
helots
capture peoples who were forced to work for their conqueons
persian war
between sthens and persia
xerxes
persian monarch after darius
delian league
athenians formed defensive alliance against persians
peloponnesian war
between athenian empire and sparta
hades
god of underworld
aphrodite
goddess of love
aries
god..?
poseidon
god of sea
tragedy
greek play that comes in a trilogy. usually ends bad for main charactors.
comedy
greek play. humoruos and funny. about politics
philosophy
an organized syestem of thought
Latins
people who spoke latin
patrienians
great landowners, formed ruling class in roman republic
plebeians
in roman republic, a social class made up of minore landholders, craftspeople, merchants, and small landowners
consuls
a chief executive officer of the roman republic; 2 were elected each year, one to run the government and one to lead the army into battle
preators
an officail of the roman republic in charge of inforcing civil law
twelve tables
romes first code of laws
carthage
roman state
punic war
romes first war with carthage
hannibal
greatest of the carthaginian generals
marius
roman general
sulla
roman general who took advantage of roman military system
triumvirate
a governmet by 3 people with equal power
julius ceasar
roman general
dictator
absolute ruler
gaul
modern france
octavian ceasar
julius cearsar's heir and grandnephew
marc antony
ceasars ally and assistant, right hand man
cleopatra
egyptian pharoah
augustus ceasar
"the revered one"
legion
soldiers
nero
had people killed if he wanted them out of the way
Pax Romana
"roman peace"
spartacus
gladiator that led most famous slave revolt in itlay
jupiter
chief god in rome
Jesus
Jewish Prophet
Christianity
belief in God and Jesus as The Savior
Pontius Pilate
ordered Jesus' crucifixion
Gospels
"Good News"
Paul
spread Christianity
Clergy
Church Leaders
Edict of Milan
end of suffering for Christians
Diocletian
Roman emporers
mesopatamia means
"between two rivers"
what famous philosopher was a student of socrates?
Plato
Hannibal used what in his army?
Elephants
1st roman emporer?
octavian "augustus ceasar"
ceasars right hand man?
Marc Antony
In order for a civilization to grow you need a ______ of food.
surplus
Apostles formed basis of _____.
Gosples
who spread Christianity?
Paul