Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what made the industrial revolution possible?
changes in agricultural methods (farming methods)
fencing off, or enclosing, common lands into individual holdings
enclosure movement
the agricultural revolution reached height in the early 1800's why?
growing population increased, raised price for agricultural products, and increased food production
consequences of the agricultural revolution
forced owners of small plots to become tenant farmers or move to the city, and farmers could farm without having to seek the consent of the other villagers
jethro tull invented what 2 things?
seed drill and the horse drawn hoe
charles turnish townshend
british ambassador to the netherlands
robert ransome
english inventor
3 basic resources necessary for industrialization
land, capital, and labor
why did the factor of production begin in gb
bc of their excellent harbors ficilitated trade, and its many rivers
the use of automatic machinery to increase production
a system in which men and women work in their homes
domestic system
john kay
engineer; invented flying shuttle
james hargreaves
english weaver; came up with spinning jenny
richard arkwright
improved the water frame
samual crompton
spinning mule
edmund cartwright
english minister
2 effects of mechanization
cotton cloth became cheaper to produce and sell adn teh demand for it increased and so did the need for more raw cotton
eli whitney
invented the contton gin
why were steam engines inefficent?
you had to be placed near a river and away from transportation
thomas newcomen
produced first successful steam engine
james watt
improved teh newcomen engine
what was gb advantage over the rest of europe?
it had large amounts of iron and coal
henry bessemer
developed a cheap and efficent method of making steel
by products of industrialization
iron, and a product of coal
charles goodyear
process of curing ruber to make more elastic and usuable
oil industry
developed in mid 1800's
john mcadam
built roads that improved travel conditions
george stephenson
perfected a steam propelled moving engine
the rocket
pulled a line of cars from liverpool to manchester
robert fulton
american engineer
the clermont
first steamboat
samuel cunard
founded the cunard line shipping
alessandro ampere
worked our principles governing..
samuel morse
put work of volta and ampere to practical use
the economic system in which individuals rather than gov. controled the factors of production
merchants who bought, sold, and exchanged goods
commercial capitalism
productions were largely machanized and industrialized
industial capitalism
divided the manufactoring process into a series of steps, and assaigned a step to each worker
division of labor
the 3 essential elemts of mass production
division of labor, interchangable parts, and mass production
a business owned by and controlled by one person
sole proprietorship
a business owned and controlled by two or more people
a business organization in which individuals buy shares of stock
complete control of production or sale of a good
combinations of corporations
alternating periods of prosperity and decline
business cycle