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23 Cards in this Set

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basic units of sumerian civilazation political and economic control over the surrounding countryside.
city-state
built on a massive step tower and was a temple dedicated to the chief god/goddess; priest and kings could go to the top.
ziggurat
a government rules by divine authority.
theocracy
a large political unit or state, usually one leader that controls many people or territories.
empire
mesopotamian society was dominated by men
patrachal
the belief in many gods
polytheistic
"wedge shaped" system of writing using a reed styles they made wedge-shaped impressions on clay tablets and dried in the sun.
cuneiform
people:

creatures of the 1st mesopotamian
sumerians
spoke semitic language; north of the sumerians city-states
arradians
2340 BC leader of Akkadians; overran sumerian city-states; set up 1st empire in world history.
Sargon
people:

Came to power Babylon; died in 1750 BC; gained control of Summer and Akkad; 1st written code of laws; no matter how great you will die you not as great as you think you are.
Hammuranbi
a family of rulers whose right to rule is passed on within the family.
dynasty
"great house" palace; originally; egyptian monarch
pharaoh
an administrative organization with officials and regular procedures.
bureucracy
"stewart of the land" reglly ran the government incharge of running the government.
Vizier
a process of slowly drying a dead body or "sacred writings"
mummifications
3000 BC earliest writing; "priest-carvings" or "sacred writings"
Hieroglyphics
alrighty simplified versions of hieroglyphics
Hieratic script
people:

the king that united the villages of upper or lower egypt into a single kingdom and created 1st royla dynast
menes
1652 BC came to invade Egypt from west asia concoured egypt
Hykos
1st woman to become pharaoh; built a great temple at Delr el Bahri; succeded by her newphew
hat shepsut
introduced the worship of aton, converted egypt to the worship of one god.
akhehaton
a pharaoh that restored old gods
tutankhamen