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37 Cards in this Set

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One who studies past societies through an analysis of the items people left behind them.
Archaeologist
One who studies human life and culture based on artifacts and human fossils
Anthropologist
A remnant or impression of an organism from a past geologic age that has been preserved in the earths crust
Fossil
Tools, pottery, paintings, weapons, buildings, and household items left behind by early people
Artifact
The way of liife a people follows.
Culture
Humans and other human like creatures that walk upright
Hominids
Neolithic Revolution
the shift from hunting of animals and gathering of good to the keeping of animals and the growing of food
Domestication
adaptation for human use
Australopithecine
"Southern Apes" the earliest humanlike creatures that flourished in eastern and Southern Africa three to four million years ago
Homo Erectus
upright human being a species that emerged around 1.5 million years ago and marked a second stage of early human development
Type of Homo Sapiens that lived in Europe and the Middle East between 100,000 to 30,000 BC
Neanderthals
"wise human being" a species that emerged around 250,000 years ago and marked a third stage in human development
Homo Sapiens
"wise, wise human being" a species that appeared in Africa between 150,000 and 200,000 years ago; they were the first anatomically modern humans
Homo Sapiens Sapiens
During Stone Age women gathered nuts and berries and men hunted large animals
Hunter-Gatherers
A person who moves from place to place
Nomads
cutting and burning of the harvested crops. Use the ashes as fertalizer
Slash & Burn
Located in Modern Day Turkey, farming village, 32 acres, 6,000 inhabitants
Catal Huyuk
Female Hominid found by Donald Johnson and Tom Gray on November 24, 1974
Lucy
Discovered the worlds earliest known family.
Leakey Family
Discovered Australopithecines, or Southern Apes
Donald Johanson
Early fossil hominid, approximately 7 million years old from the Miocene. Fossil Skull
Toumai
Dis-habitation of culture in different or to different groups
Cultural Diffusion
..
Multiregional Hypothesis
DNA evidence traces the female line back to 7 origional sisters
"Out of Africa" hypothesis
Before Christ
B.C.
Before the Common Era
B.C.E.
Latin Word - anno Domini, in the year of the Lord
A.D.
After Christ Era
A.C.E.
Common Era
C.E.
the years 100 to 1 B.C.
1st Century
..
21st Century
the art of creating a nostalgic picture of harmony and innocence of the life of rural people in a perfect natural environment.
Pastoralism
A scientist who studies palentology, studying fossils.
Paleontologist
the ability of human beings to make things that sustain them and give them some control over their environment
Technology
The earliest known period of human culture, characterized by the use of stone tools.
Stone Age
Culture, Communication, Economy
Specialization
The earliest known species of the genus Homo; that is the first human species
Homo Habilis