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62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
form of Christianity that emphasized salvation through faith and good works
Catholicism
reduced people's punishments for sins
indulgence
calling in which people could serve God and their neighbors
vocation
form of Christianity that emphasized salvation through faith alone
Lutheranism
list of statements criticizing Catholic Church practices
the Ninety-Five Theses
Swiss city in which Calvin established Reformed Church
Geneva
group partially responsible for killing the Anabaptists
Lutherans
Protestant group begun under Henry VIII
Church of England
Swiss city in which earliest Reformed Church was established
Zurich
church council that controlled people's lives under Calvinism
Consistory
court that published the first list of censored books
Inquisition
church service the Council of Trent said could be performed only in Latin
Mass
group that helped spread Catholicism throughout Asia, Africa, and the Americas
Jesuits
emphasized emotion, exaggeration and complexity
baroque
school for training priests
seminary
a change in the Church's ways of teaching and practicing Christianity
reformation
country where reform caused a split, new form of Christianity - Protestantism - Protestant Reformation
Germany
German monk who began the Protestant Reformation
Martin Luther
raised money to rebuild St. Peter's Bascilica - sold church postiions and indulgences
Pope Leo X
place where Luther nailed his 95 theses
Wittenburg Church
council
a diet
tried to bring Luther back into the Church
Council of Worms
first Protestant faith, emphasized salvation by faith alone, bible is only source of relligious truth, biblical preaching not ritual, vernacular
Lutheranism
Swiss priest who led the Protestant movement in Switzerland; denounced Purgatory, wanted a thoecracy
Huldrych Zwingli
church run state
theocracy
established the most powerful and influential Reformed group in the Swiss city of Geneva
John Calvin
grew up in France, educated in theology, law and humanism, wrote The Institutes of the Christian Religion
John Calvin
cornerstone of theology - God possesed all-emcompassing power and knowledge
Calvinism
Calvin belief that God determines the fate of every person
predestination
Calvinist - church council of 12 elders who had power to control every aspect of people's lives - punished those who disobeyed
Consistory
leader of the Reformation in Scotland
John Knox
initiated the practice of baptizing, or admitting into their groups only adult members
Anabaptists
trace their ancestry to the Anabaptists
Baptists, Mennonites and Amish
Henry VIII's wife who had six children and only Mary survived
Catherine of Aragon
Henry VIII thought Catherine was too old to give him a son so he divorced her and married Anne
Anne Boleyn
Henry's nephew, Holy Roman Emperor who protected the Pope and wanted Catherine to remain as queen of England
Charles V
official break of Church of England with Romae; passed in 1534, made Henry head of the English Church instead of the Pope
Act of Supremacy
kept Catholic doctrines and forms of worship - Henry was not a Protestant refromer
Church of England
noted humanist Catholic scholar who was beheaded by Henry VIII for treason
Thomas More
closed monasteries and convents, seized their land, shared the gains with nobles and other high officials
Henry VIII did many things to ensure supression of Catholicism
only son of Henry after 6 marriages - he died in his teens and his half sister Mary became queen
Edward VI
tried to restore Catholicism to England and burned hundreds of Protestants at the stake - thus her nickname - "Bloody Mary"
Queen Mary
became Queen when Mary died - Church of England became known as Anglicanism
Elizabeth I
Protestant English church with some Catholic features
Anglicanism
radical Protestants who wanted to purify the English Church of Catholic rituals
Puritans
invented the rpinting press
Johannes Gutenberg
Luther's belief that a person could be made just, or good, simply by faith in God's mercy and love
justification by faith
city in Germanywhere German princes met to tyr and bring Luther back into the Church
Worms
set out to reform the Church and stem the Protestant advance
Pope Paul III
called in 1545 to reaffirm Catholic teachings that had been challenged by the Protestants; put an end to many of the abuses
Council of Trent
1) salvation comes through faith and good workks 2) church tradition is equal to the bible as a source of religious truth 3)Latin not vernacular
Issues at Council of Trent
church sourt set out to stamp out heresy and introduced censorship
Inquisition
books too immoral or irreligious for Catholics to read
Index of Forbidden Books
painted saints in distorted figures - baroque style
El Greco - "The Greek"
master of Baroque style
Paul Rubens
painted portraits
Diego Velazquez
most famous Baroque architect - public square of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome
Gian Loremnzo Bernini
a Spanish noble, woundsed in battle, during recovery he vowed to serve God; f0unded the Jesuits
Ignatius of Loyola
traveled to China and preached Christianity
Jesuit Matteo Ricci
Spanish nun who entered a Carmelite convent; not strict enough so she set up her own order of Carmelite nuns
Theresa of Avila
signed by Chrales V and German princes that allowed each prince to choose the relligion of his subjects
Peace of Augsburg
Geneva
City of God