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48 Cards in this Set

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Chemical Weathering
rock is changed into a new substance b/c of an interaction of air/water elements with the minerals
Mechanical Weathering
Breaking rock into smaller and smaller pieces (changes only rock size)
Erosion
weathered material is MOVED by wind water ice rain
RElief
steeper slopes (mountain sides) eroded easily and don't produce soil quickly
Equinox
days and nights are equal all around the world
Convectional weathering
convection occurs after morning sun heats moist air: clouds form in afternoon
Orographic
mountain areas: storms drop more rain on windward side/ creates shawdow on leeward side
Factors that influence climate
wind currents, ocean currents, zones of latitude, elevation
Culture
total knowledge attitudes and behaivors shared and passed on by members of a specific group
innovation
taking existing technology and creating something new to meet a need
Diffusion
spread of ideas inventions, patterns of behavior ; can happen quickly
Birthrate-
number of live births per thousand population
RNI-
rate of natural increase; pop. growth rate
Infant Mortality rate
number of infant deaths (under 1) per thousand live births
Population density
how heavily populated an area is; average number of people per square mile; divides the number of inhabitants in an are by the amount of land they occupy
Carrying Capacity
number of organisms a piece of land can support
Push-Pull factors
- reasons for migrating; pf are reasons people leave (ex. environmental disaster or conditions; war; persecution)
State-
describes an independent unit that occupies a specific territory & has full control of it’s internal and external affairs (country)
Nation-
group of people w/ common culture living in a territory and having a strong sense of unity
Nation-State
when a nation and state occupy the same territory
Dictatorship
an individual or group of people hold COMPLETE political power
Communism-
in this gov. and economic system nearly all political power and means of production are held by the government in name of all people
Natural Resources
Renewable
Nonrenewable
Inexhaustible
Infrastructure
basic support system needed to keep an economy going:power communications, transportation
Gross Domestic Product
total value of all goods and services produced within a country in a given period of time
Gross National Product
measure the economy of a country: total value of all goods and services produced by a country over a year...
per capita income
average amount of money earned by each person
Formal regions
definite size (limits boundries) countries states and cities
functional regions
large metropolitian regions area with a central place and a profound impact on the surrounding area
Place
physical characteristics
human characteristics
Perceptual/informal regions
defined by cultural non=traditional factors(natural resources, beliefs)
Bible belt
Adapt (1)
Modify (2)
Depend (3)
1-allowing enviroment to have its way
2- modify-build dams roads
3- food sun trees
rural
country
suburban
mixed
urban
city
qualities of a state/country
territory
boundries
soverignty
population
Nation (charc)
a group of people from similar area having a strong sense of unity (cultural)
Uses of land
residential
industrial
commercial
traditional economy
dating back to early civilizations: simple trade
command economy-
run by the gov. (controls everything)
mixed economy
combo of command and market types
market economy
economy run by the forces at work in an open marketplace
How do countries manage resources?
establish infastructure (communitcationsystems, water, power ect.)
Types of urban developing
concentic zone model
sector zones model
mutiple nuclei model
Language as part of culture
Lang. helps to establish cultural identities
languages have dialec ts
Big three
christianity judaism and islam
How to figure RNI
birthrate- mortality rate= RNI
acculturation
changing a culture after adopting new ideas