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24 Cards in this Set

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fjord
steep U-shaped valleys that connect to the sea and that filled w/ seawater after glaciers melted
upland
hill or very low mountains that contain mesas and high plateaus
peat
decayed plant matter found in bogs
mistral
cold, dry wind from the north
sirocco
hot, steady south wind that blows from North Africa across the Mediterranean Sea into southern Europe
dike
earthen bank holding back the North Sea
polder
land reclaimed by diking and draining
seawork
structure used to control the sea's destructive impact
terpen
high earthern platforms used in seaworks
Ijsselmeer
freshwater lake separated from the North Sea by a dike and bordered by polders
city-state
political unit made up of a city and its surrounding lands
republic
government in which citizens elect representatives to rule in their name
aqueducts
structures that carried water for long distances
parliament
representative lawmaking body whose members are elected/appointed
cultural crossroads
place where various cultures cross paths
balkanization
process of a region breaking up into small, mutually hostile units
satellite nations
nations dominated by another country
folk art
art produced by rural people w/ traditional lifestyles instead of by professional artists
chernozem
black earth
continentality
a region's distance from the moderating influence of the sea
nation
group of people w/ a common culture living in a territory and having a strong sense of unity
suburb
political unit touching the borders of the central city or touching other suburbs that touch the city
urbanization
dramatic rise in the number of cities and the changes in lifestyle that result
urban sprawl
poorly planned development that spreads a city's population over a wider and wider geographic area