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17 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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All the features of a society's way of life including language, religion, government, economics, food, clothing, architecture, and family life.
What is Culture? (67)
A key element in Human Geography which gives roles to individuals and establishes relationships within groups in a society.
Activities and behaviors that people repeatedly practice.
What is a Culture Trait?
activities and behaviors of a group of people that are linked together through religion, ethnicity, or change through innovation & technology
An area with many shared culture traits.
What is a Culture Region? (67)
may be characteristic of a single country or made up of several countries or many may exist in a single country depending on number of ethnic groups, religions, languages or historical traditions
A population sharing a common cultural background.
What is an Ethnic Group?
People who band together due to common interests such as politics, language, history, or religion. (Ex. African Tribes, Muslims of Islam, Native Americans, et. al.)
New ideas or behaviors that are beneficial and therefore accepted by a society over time.
What is an Innovation? (68)
may happen once and spread elsewhere or may occur in more than one place and at different times ( ex. boatbuilding or architecture)
The spread of an innovation or culture trait to another culture region.
What is Diffusion? (68)
may spread through trade agreement, political, economic, or cultural groups over time, need for a better life, or war. (ex. languages)
The growing of a plant or taming of an animal by a people for their own use.
What is Domestication? ((72)
Changing from a wild plant or animal to a tame one.
The process of growing food on small tracts of land for food to support ones family/extended family.
What is Subsistence Farming? (72)
uses basic tools, surplus may be stored or sold for cash, family farmers and animals as laborers.
The growing of crops on large plantations or tracts of land for sale (cash crops) using modern agricultural techniques.
What is Commercial Farming? (72)
uses high yield seeds, industrial fertilizers, powerful machinery and scientific methods
The growth in proportion of people living close together in towns and cities
What is Urbanization? (72)
the 1st cities developed over 5000 yrs. ago causing this change in human geography
Feelings of pride and loyalty for one's country expressed by patriotic songs, symbols, and writings.
What is Nationalism?
If taken to the extreme, this can lead to discrimination, predjudice, war, and genocide. Ex. Nazi Germany, Imperial Japan, or Iran.
A religious movement that stresses the strict following of basic traditional principles.
What is Fundamentalism? (75)
religious conflicts over extreme values, morals, or laws seen in disputes or wars between Catholic and Protestant, Buddist and Hindu, Jewish Antisemitism, or Muslim vs Christians
Government where only a few people in power decide what is best for everyone.
What is Totalitarian Government? (75)
Usually has a Command Economy w/ government control of industry
Government of the people, by the people and for the people that promotes human rights and values individual freedoms.
What is a Democratic Government? (75)
Has a Free-Enterprise Economy, elections by voting, bi-partisan politics.
The distribution of a country's wealth and natural resources among its people.
What is Economy?
this causes struggles between countries over resources if they are unevenly distributed or monopolized by government or individuals
Taxes placed on imports and exports by a countries government to protect its economy.
What is a trade Tariff?
ex. import taxes charged on foreign cars
Limits on the amount of a particular good that can be imported into a country.
What is a Quota?
Ex. Only 15% of the cars from Germany can be imported into the United States.