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71 Cards in this Set

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Pampas
In direct contrast are the grassy, treeless plains of Argentina and Uraguay
Canopy
Covering that keeps the sun from reaching the surface
Atacama Desert
Which runs South from Chile's Northern border with Peru is one of the driest in the world
Hydroelectricity
Rivers and waterfalls give many countries, the capacity to generate their own power.
Patagonia
Sparsely popluated area where the climate and the land are harsh
Service Industries
Business that provides a service - such as banking, insurance, or transport
Developing Countries
Country in the process of becoming industrialized
Sierra Madre Oriental
A prominent mountain range near Mexico City
Sierra Madre Occidental
The major road system of Latin America
Deforestation
The cutting down and clearing away of trees in the rain forest.
Tierra Caliente
From sea level to 2,500 feet is the tierra caliente or "hot land". These are the humid tropical lowlands found on the coastal plains. The coastal plains on the west coast of Middle America are quite narrow [mmeleves], but they are wider along the Caribbean coast.

Here you find tropical rain forests and tropical commercial plantations growing sugarcane and bananas. Food crops found here include manioc, sweet potatoes, yams, maize, beans, and rice, and farmers will have a few brahma cattle.

Few people [mmecumen] [mmpopden] live here because of the prevalence of disease.
Malnutrition
Poor nutrition because of badley balanced diet or not enought food is a major problem in developing countries
Lake Titicaca
The world's highest large
Lake Maricaibo
The largest lake in Latin America
Amazon River Basin
The longest river basin in the Western Hemisphere
Lake Nicaragua
A freshwater lake of South America in the Andes on the Bolivia-Peru border
Rio Grande
A river that borders Mexico and North America
Chinampas
Floating islands made by the Aztecs
Fazendas
Portuguese term for huge sugar plantations in Brazil
Cash Crop
Farm crop grown to be sold or traded rather than used by the farm community
Haciendas
A large estate or plantation in Spanish-speaking countries.
Death Squads
They killed many innocent people in El Salvador
Tierra Templada
From 2,500 to 6,000 feet is the tierra templada or "temperate land" because of the cooler temperatures. This is the most populated area [mmpopden] [mmecumen] of Latin America. Four of the seven capitals of the Central American republics are found in the tierra templada.

Coffee is the main commercial crop. food crops include maize, wheat, beans, and vegetables.
Mulatto
A person of with an African/European heritage
West Indies
Carribean Islands
Llanos
A large, grassy, almost treeless plain, especially one in Latin America.
Andes Mountains
They are the world's longest mountain range.
Copper
A metal that is found in South America
Slash and Burn
Traditional farming mthod in which all the trees and plants in an area are cut and burned to add nutrients to the soil.
Mato Grasso
A region in Brazil that is set on a plateau and has few forests and grasslands
Campesinos
Farm work in the rural areas
Oligarchy
a political system governed by a few people;
Conquistadores
Spanish term for "conquerers".
Terra Fria
From 6,000 to 12,000 feet (the tree line) is the tierra fria or "cold land". This is the highest zone found in Middle America. wheat, barley, potatoes, and maize are grown here. In South America this is the climatic zone of the Inca [wwhearsm] culture hearth.
Ecosystems
The complex community of interdependent living things in a given environment
Gauchos
A cowboy of the South American pampas
The most common climate in Latin America and the Caribbean is ---
Tropical
Where the Sierra Madre Occidental and Oriental meet to form the Sirra Madre Del Sur
???
Most dominant human characteristic of the Mixican Plateau
??
Which is th elargest country in South America
Brazil
Physical features causing isolation of regions and people in Latin America`
??
Mexico ranks ?? in terms of the world oil production
??
Hydroelectric poer for much of Latin America is generated by
Rivers and waterfalls
Number and areas geographers devide Latin America into
??
Most dominant characteristic and length of Andes mountain range
??
One of the driest places in Latin America
??
Four largest populated cities in Latin America
??
Where the largest rain forest is located
?
What % of the world's population lives in Latin America
??
Total population of Latin America
500 million
Description of original lifestyle in Latin America
?
Where the Inca, Aztec, and Maya empires were located
Mexico
Prediction of what Mexico's population will be by the year 2000
22 million
By way of what land mass experts believe people came from Western Hemisphere?
?
Greatest city built by the Maya
?
Who were the "Death Squads" and what role did they play in El Salvadore?
?
What special skills were the Inca's know for?
?
Problems facing Mexico City
proverty,overcrowding,unemployed,housing,air pollution
How the Mexican government hopes to create new jobs?
?
Coffee is a major cash crop for what countries?
?
The most important cash crop in the Caribbean?
coffee
Name of the major road system in Latin America
?
What countries in Latin America are among world leaders in cattle production
?
Major concern that deforestation may cause?
?
Why Mexico City has restricted use of automobiles?
?
What are the two major rivers systems in Latin America?
1. Parana, Paraguay, and Uraguay rivers form the 2nd largest river system in South America.
2. Amazon
What are the three geographical areas that make up Latin America?
Central America
South America
Carribean
What kind of climate does Cuba have?
Tropical
What areas in Latin American have a humid subtropical climate?
From Rio De Janerio, Brazil to Northern Argentina.
Why do small ground plants have a difficult time surviving in the rainforest of South America?
Evergreens form a canopy that blocks the sun from reaching the forest floor.
How are climates and vegetation effected by elevation?
The air cools and becomes drier the higher in the atmosphere.