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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is a subcontinent and name one?
Large landmass - South Asia
What are alluvial plains?
Fertile land along river banks caused by flooding rivers
What are the 3 main rivers of South Asia?
The Indus River
The Ganges River
The Brahmaputra River
What i the large plateau of India?
The Deccan Plateau
What is the nickname of the Himalayan Mountains?
"Roof top of the world" - has 30 of the world's highest mountains
Whate are the names of the 2 mountain ranges at teh Southern tip of India?
The Western Ghats
The Eastern Ghats
What is Hindi?
The main language spoken in Inida
What are monsoon winds?
Seasonal winds of South Asia - blow from the northeast in winter (cold/dry) - blow from southwest in summer (hot/wet)
What 2 religions began in South Asia?
Hinduism & Buddhism
What is nirvana?
The goal of Buddhism - means "enlightenment"
What country was formed to end the conflict between Muslims and Hindus in India?
What main helped India gain its independence from Britain?
Mohandas Gandhi
What is nationalism?
Pride in one's nation
What is nonviolent resistance?
Opposing an enemy by means other than violence
What is a boycott?
To refuse to use or purchase goods or services in protest
What was the partition in India?
India was divided by giving most of the land to the Hindus and the northern region to the Muslims - now Pakistan
What country was formed by the India/Pakistan war of 1971?
Bangladesh - means "Bengali Nation"
What do Hindus believe in?
Every living thing has a soul and there are many gods (polytheistic)
What Indian river is considered holy?
The Ganges River
What is reincarnation?
Belief that souls go through a series of births, deaths, & rebirths
What is the caste system?
People are born into a certain social rank - can only improve rank in next lifetime
What is a charpoy?
Wooden bed frame with knotted strings instead of a mattress
What is a sari?
Brightly colored cloth worn like a long dress
What is a purdah?
A veil that covers an Indian women's face while out in public
What is the joint family system?
When an Indian man marries, he brings his wife to live with his family & relatives
What is a buffer state?
A country that separates 2 political enemies - example Afghanistan
What are cottage industries?
People who make goods in their own homes
Wha is hydroelectric power?
Electricity produced by the movement of water
What is the Khyber Pass?
A mountain pass that lets people travel across the Hindu Kush Mountains
Where do most Pakistanis live?
Along the Indus River Basin
What is irrigate?
Supply land with water
What is an embankment dam?
A Wall of soil & rock built to hold back water - Tarbela Dam is world's largest
What is the main religion of Pakistan?
Islam - Muslim people
What is Pakistan's national language?
Urdu - only 7% speak it
What does Kush mean?
What 2 countries invaded Afghanistan to take control?
Britain and Russia - both failed
What 3 rivers are in Bangladesh?
The Ganges
The Brahmaputra
The Meghna
What it the highest mountain in the world?
Mount Everest - Nepal
What is the main religion of Nepal?
What country tries to keep out tourists to preserve its culture?
What is the main religion of Bhutan?
Who are sherpas?
Skilled mountain climbers of Nepal - work as guides
What is malnutrition?
Lack of food or an unbalanced diet
What is Sri Lanka's main export?
What is deforestation?
Cutting down forests
Where is Sri Lanka located?
In the Indian Ocean - 33 miles south of India
What 2 groups are fighting in Sri Lanka?
The Buddhist - Sinhalese
The Hindu - Tamils
Tamils want separate state