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41 Cards in this Set

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first elected leader of the new CIS
Boris Yeltsin (1991-1999)
Pressured the West for financial aid & helped restore Russia's reputation(leader)
Boris Yeltsin (1991-1999)
Appoints Putin as Prime Minister (leader)
Boris Yeltsin (1991-1999)
Legacy: guiding Russia through democracy & reform (leader)
Boris Yeltsin (1991-1999)
Survived impeachment vote over Chechnya crisis on May 1999 (leader)
Boris Yeltsin (1991-1999)
Stated that he desires to maintain good relations with the west
Vladimir Putin (2000-present)
Admits he cannot achieve Western style democracy & economy
Vladimir Putin (2000-present)
Hard-line supporter of action against Chechen rebels
Vladimir Putin (2000-present)
prosecuted Russia's richest man, Mikhail Khodorkovsky
Vladimir Putin (2000-present)
Won 2nd term by 70% majority
Vladimir Putin (2000-present)
What event has stained relationship between Russia & Britain in Nov.,2006?
Death of former KGB agent. accused that Putin poisoned him
he has forced independent T.V. stations critical of the government off the air
Vladimir Putin (2000-present)
"Father of the USSR"
Vladimir Lenin (1917-1924)
studied Marx's "Communist Manifesto" (leader)
Vladimir Lenin (1917-1924)
led the Bolshevik Revolution with Leon Trotsky in 1917 (leader)
Vladimir Lenin (1917-1924)
Began the process of placing minorities in concentration camp (leader)
Vladimir Lenin (1917-1924)
Model for the 20th century dictator
Vladimir Lenin (1917-1924)
where dose the Lenin's Tomb located?
Red Square, it houses the body ofLenin
name means "man of steel" (leader)
Joseph Stalin (1927-1953)
Killed Trotsky (leader)
Joseph Stalin (1927-1953)
Pushed for rapid industrialization known as 5 year plans (leader)
Joseph Stalin (1927-1953)
he established the secret police (KGB) & the GULAG (prison system)
Joseph Stalin (1927-1953)
signed a treaty with the USA which further reduced nuclear arms (leader)
Mikhail Gorbachev (1985-1991)
Cut military spending (leader)
Joseph Stalin (1927-1953)
Glashost
one of the two major reform policies. allowed for more open discussion (first sign of Freedom of Speech)
Perestroika
one of the two major reform policies. tried to restructure the economy of the USSR
what was the problem for the two major reform policies?
caused theethnic tension
Nobel Prize winner in 1990 (leader)
Mikhail Gorbachev (1985-1991)
Religions of Central Asia
Christianity & Islam
what Rusiian republic is demanding for independence?
Chechnya
why is Chechnya important to Russia?
Chechnya is rich in oil supplies
Why has the Aral Sea lost about 80% of its water since 1960?
irrigation from Cent. Asia's cotten fields diverted water away from the rivers that feed the lake
what other environmental problems affected Aral Sea?
Pesticides & fertilizers caused diseases & killed 24 spiecies of fish. the climate got dryer, too
What would have to be done to save Aral Sea?
have to remove 18 million acres that are now used for farming
when and why did the nuclear explosion at Chernobyl occur?
on April 28, 1986. the radiation level was too high
why did Soviet officials waited 2 days before admitting the accident at Chernobyl?
there was more than one reactant, Ukraine wanted to keep the power plant, & the government didn't have the will to shut down
what disease has increased due to the radiation from Chernobyl?
thyroid cancer
what was the major goal of Soviet planning?
rapid industrialization
what were the result of 5 year plan?
collective farms are created, industrial & agricultural production increased, caused famine
why does it matter whether the Caspian is a sea or a lake?
it decide how resources are divided amoung five countries
what% of Russians lived below the poverty line at the end of the 1990s?
40%