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44 Cards in this Set

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Agriculture
working the land in order to grow crops; farming
Arable
land suitable for growing crops
Area
amount of surface within given limits, as in square miles of a country's limits
Birth rate
number of births occurring in a given population in a given period of time
Border
on a map, lines of separation between countries
Cardinal directions
N, S, E, W
Cash Crop
crops that are grown to be sold for profit
Commercial farming
farming that sells goods at competitive prices
Communism
government owns, and runs most businesses and ofter decides where people live and work - example, China, Cuba, North Korea
Culture
customs, beliefs, and way of life of a group of people
Currency
Money
Currency exchange rate
value of a particular type of money compared from one country to another
Debt
something that is owed to another
Democracy
government ruled by the people - Greece was the first democracy
Dictator
single, controlling ruler of a nation - example Saddam Hussein
Drought
an extended dry period with very little rain
Earthquake
powerful forces produced by movements within the Earth's crust
Economy
sum total of goods and services and consumption of wealth of a nation
Equator
imaginary line that divides the Earth into northern and southern hemispheres
Erosion
the wearing away of land by water, wind, ice and other forces
Ethnic group
a group of people having distinctive characteristics in common, such as language, religion, culture, history, race, or national origin
Export
to carry, send, or sell products to another country
Famine
starvation; hunger
Geography
study of the earth
Human region
an area of human activity
Import
to bring products into the country; to buy products from another country
Indigenous
natural or native to an area
Industry
manufacturing concerns of a nation
Irrigation
supplying water to the land for the purpose of growing crops
Longitude lines
lines that run north/south on a map
Life expectancy
average length of life of an individual in a particular country
Literacy rate
in a particular country, number of people over the age of 15 who can read and write
Latitude lines
lines that run east/west on a map
Manufacturing
the making of a product
Map Key
section of a map, often in a box, that tells what each map symbol means
Monarchy
government headed by a king or queen
Representative democracy
in a democracy, people are elected to represent the citizens - example, United States
Rural
relating to living on a farm or village; opposite of urban
Subsistence farming
farming that supplies only enough food to feed the family
Suffrage
right to vote
Tariff
tax on imported goods
Terrain
shape of the land
Urban
relating to living in a city; opposite of rural
Urbanization
changing or moving from rural to the cities