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113 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Geography
the study of where people, places, and things are located and how they are related to each other
exports
goods sent to market outside a country
imports
goods brought into a country
interdependence
dependence of countries on goods, resources, and knowledge from other parts of the world
map projections
ways of showing the curved earth on a flat surface
topography
physical features of a place or region
elevation
height above sea level
culture
all things that make up a people's entire way of life
nuclear family
wife, husband, and their children
extended family
several generations living in one household
monotheism
worship of one god
polytheism
worship of more than one god
democracy
people have supreme power
republic
the people choose the leaders who represent them
dictatorship
ruler or group holds power by force
Traditional Economy
people produce most of what they need to survive
Market Economy
individuals answer the basic economic questions by buying and selling goods and services
Command Economy
the government controls what goods are produced, how they are produced, and what they cost
Mixed Economy
individuals make some economic decisions and the government makes other
technology
the skills and tools a people use
diffusion
the movement of customs or ideas from one place to another
subculture
a group of people within a society who share certain beliefs, values, and customs
ethnocentrism
judge other cultures by the standards of their own culture
racism
the belief that one racial froup is naturally superior to another
nomads
people who were able to hunt larger animals such as mammoths and bison
civilization
a highly organized group of people with their own language and ways of living
archaeologist
scientist who study the objects left early people
artisans
skilled craftworkers
capital
money that can be invested in buisness ventures for the purpose of makeing a profit
entrepreneurs
people who risked their money to set up businesses in order to make a profit
urbanization
the growth of cities
imperialism
the control by one country of the political economic or cultural life of another country or region
westernization
adoption fo western culture
nationalism
pride in and loyalty to one's country
cash crops
crops that can be sold on the world market
modernization
changes in a nation that enable it to set up a stable government and produce a high level of goods and services
tariff
a tax on imported goods
privatization
selling state-owned industries to private investors
literacy
the ability to read and write
population explosion
large increase in population due to the availibility of better health care
population density
the average number of people living in an area of a specific size
United Nations
member nations promised to preserve world peace and to cooperate in solving global social and economic problems
refugees
person who flees his or her homeland to seek safety elsewhere
escarpments
steep cliffs
cataracts
large waterfalls
drought
prolonged periods of little or no rainfall
desertification
turning of semidesert land into desert
pharaohs
rulers of ancient Egypt
hieroglyphics
the egyptian form fo writting
lineage
a group fo distant kin would trace their descent back to a common ancestor
consensus
a common agreement
subsistence farming
producing enough for their own needs with little or no surplus
polygamy
the practice of having more than one spouse
bride wealth
a valuable gift to the brides family
jihad
a holy war
Atlantic Slave Trade
the hight of the slave trade in 1700s the route taken across the Atlantic ocean
abolition
the movement to end slavery
diaspora
the scattering of people
negritude
African movement led by the Senegalese poet Leopold Sedar Seghor in 1930s
Leopold Sedar Senghor
leader of the African Negritude movement
elite
small group of people with high social status
Afican Nationalism
the feeling of layalty to Africa
Pan-Africanism
the unifying of Africa
boycott
a refusal to buy certain goods or services
guerilla warfare
small bands of fighters stage hit-and-run attacks against a larger power
one-party-rule
having one political party
democraziation
accepting many political parties
African Socialism
african government owns and opperates mabusinesses
most afican nations have what type of economy?
mixed
shantytown
a small town far outside of a city
ethnicity
attachment to one's own ethnic group
economic sanctions
stopping trade with a country
non-alignment
staying in the middle of a war
apartheid
rigid speration of races
Seoul
capital of South Korea
homogenous
people share a common ethnic and cultural background
Pyongyang
capital of North Korea
annex
add territory to one's own country
armistice
truce or agreement to end fighting
isolation
avoiding foreign involvements and contacts
peninsula
series fo islands
loess
the name for the sand at the bottom of the yellow sea
dynastic cycle
the cycle that a dynaty goes through
most afican nations have what type of economy?
mixed
shantytown
a small town far outside of a city
ethnicity
attachment to one's own ethnic group
economic sanctions
stopping trade with a country
non-alignment
staying in the middle of a war
apartheid
rigid speration of races
Seoul
capital of South Korea
homogenous
people share a common ethnic and cultural background
Pyongyang
capital of North Korea
annex
add territory to one's own country
armistice
truce or agreement to end fighting
isolation
avoiding foreign involvements and contacts
peninsula
series fo islands
loess
the name for the sand at the bottom of the yellow sea
dynastic cycle
the rise and fall of ruling families
filial piety
duty to respect that children owe their parents
Mandate of Heaven
a mandate given to the ruler that could be taken away if the ruler did something wrong
Confucianism
five relationships that would keep a society together
Daoism
live the natrual way
Legalism
believed that people only did things in self intrest
gentry
wealthy land-owners who had been educated iin the confucian classics
Taiping Rebellion
peasant up rising in 1851 lasted 14 years
Boxer Rebellion
chinese who didn't want foreigners in China attacked chinese christians and foreigners
kowtow
bow low
extraterritoriality
westerners accused of a crime in china could be tried in their own courts instead of Chinese courts
sphere of influencwe
an area in which a foreign nation has special economic privilages
Three Principles of the People
1. Called for nationalism
2. supported Democracy
3. Livelihood
Dr. Sun Yatsen
president of the new republic party
Chiang Kai-Shek
person who brought china under the control of the nationalist
Mao Zedong
Leader of the communist party